the 17th to 19th centuries
Despite the popularity of almanacs, which set out various charts and data relating to the movement of planets and other astronomical events, the scholarly reputation of astrology was low in the early 18 th century. By the end of that century, however, it had reasserted its professional standing, as it developed among academic circles in Britain and the USA.
War, Sex, and New Planets
Popular astrology received an enormous boost when, after the invention of moveable type, printed books began to circulate widely. Astrological almanacs were among the earliest books to be printed - the first was issued in Gutenberg, Germany, in 1448, eight years before the famous Gutenberg Bible.
By the beginning of the 18th century almanacs were affordable and extremely popular - almost everyone who could afford to had one, from King Charles I to mariners such as Lieutenant John Wheale (who took "a bottle of ink, a sheet almanac, and a pocket almanac" on his voyages).
The first man to flood England with his almanacs was William Lilly (160281), who wrote the first astrological textbook to be published in English, his lengthy Christian Astrology (1647).
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