Chapter I

Theke are in the heavens several bodies which appear to shed their light directly on this Earth ; and also some others which, having no light of themselves, serve to reflect that of the Sun, and thereby become visible to our organs of sight. The former are termed Fixed Stars, because they appear to retain the same situation, or to be fixed in the same place; bat the latter, being observed to wander, are termed Planets. The number and distance of the former are so extensive, that I shall take no further notice of them here, than to observe, that they are not much used in that portion of Astrology which is denominated Horary, and that those persons who desire to make use of them in nativities, will find their right ascensions and declinations given with great accuracy in the Nautical Almanack for each year. In the Appendix to this work, I shall give rules, to ascertain their latitude and longitude by trigonometry, for the benefit of such persons as may be curious to make experiments as to their influence; though I do not, in general, pay much attention to them when judging t nativity.

Of the Planets.

These are Ijji Herschel, \ Saturn, % Jupiter, $ Mars,

© Sol, the Sun,* $ Venus, $ Mercury, and ]) Lima, the Moon. These characters have been always in use, and may, (with the exception of Ij[,) be traced to the remotest antiquity, and their origin found among the hieroglyphics of Egypt. But as the object of this work is practical utility, no more need be said on the subject*

The Signs of the Zodiac.

They are twelve, each containing 30 degrees, thus making 360 degrees, into which every great circle is divided. The first six are,

Northern Signs.

T Aries, Q Taurus, n Gemini, © Cancer, $ Leo, irp Virgo.

Southern Signs.

Libra, Scorpio, } Sagittary, Vf Capricorn, ss Aquarius, X Pisces.

The first sign, T, commences the zodiac, its beginning being that spot in the heavens where the Sun is when crossing the equator in spring; and the latter sign, X, finishes the circle of the zodiac, the latter end of it being that spot in the heavens where the Sun is when he has gone his round, and is again about to enter T •

By referring to the annexed diagram, the student will perceive, that when the Sun enters T (about the 21st of March) he proceeds northward, and increases in declination until he reaches the tropic of © Cancer (about the 21st of June), when he speedily begins to return to the south; and when he reaphes he again crosses the equator (about the 23d of September), where, having no declination, he causes equal

* The Sun and Moon are considered as planets in all astrological matters.

intbod uction to astb0l06t. U 7

day and night all over the world. He then declines away to the south : shortening our days in the northern hemisphere, until he reaches the southern tropic yf, Capricorn; at length he returns towards the equator, and crosses it by entering the sign r (about the 21st of March), where again he has no declination, and gives equal days and nights.

Diagram of the Sun's Motion in the Zodiac.

Northern N Tropic.

Northern N Tropic.

Exelavatiox.—The space between the two outer circles Bay be considered as the line of the Sun's motion \ and then the sign opposite the name of each month will shew where the Sun is about the 21st of each month. The globe in the centre may be taken for the Earth, the northern parts of which receive the greater portion of the Sun's light in summer, and the southern parts in winter.

These signs are divided into, Northern Signs

T, 8, n, s, SI, ty-1Tb t> Vf, as, X. S, and Vf. T, and n, *p, f, K.

Southern Signs Tropical Signs . Equinoctial Signs . Double-bodied Signs

They are again divided into

Also into

Earthy Vf.

The student must become well acquainted with the above particulars ; but especially so with the northern and southern signs, the former being opposite to the latter. By attending to this, he will readily come to understand the figure of the heavens, and the relative situations of the planets.

N.B. The moveable, common, and fixed signs are always in square aspect to each other, three signs apart; and the fiery, earthy, airy, and watery signs are always in trine aspect to each other, four signs apart.


The Moon's north node is known by the character Q,

Digitized by

\j tenned the Dragon's Head ; and her south node by this 8, termed the Dragon's Tail. The former of these in horary questions denotes good, and is considered of the character of 11, and increases the good qualities of a benefic, with which it may be found; and diminishes the evil of a malefic planet. The latter is of the nature of T?, and does the reverse. In nativities these characters have no avail, and are not to be considered, except with regard to the Moon, who is found to produce good or evil when she reaches them by direction.*

The Pabt of Fobttoe.

This is that spot in the heavens which is equally distant from the degree ascending that the Moon is from the Sun. It is found by the following rule :—

To find the (0) Part of Fortune in a Nativity.

Add 90° to the right ascension of the meridian, and it will give the oblique ascension of the ascendant. From the oblique ascension of the ascendant subtract the oblique ascension of the Sun (having first added 360° to the former, if necessary) ; to the remainder add the right ascension of the Moon : the sum will be the right ascension of 0.

The 0 is always under the horizon before the full Moon, and above the horizon after the full Moon. Having found its right ascension, take it from that of the meridian above or beknr the earth, according as it may be situated ; or, take that of the meridian from it, and the sum or difference will shew the distance of 0 from the cusp of the 10th or 4th house.

* These nodes are the points in the ecliptic where the Moon crosses from north into south latitude, or the reverse, which occurs twice each Month.

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