The first two columns may well represent November and December, as Degrassi supposed, assuming the fasti were written at the end of the calendar section. It seems clear that this parapegma was meant to keep track of the calendar year and its various fasti, such that a peg would have been moved for each day of the calendar month. A separate peg seems to have been used from time to time to mark the particular fasti, but this kind of intermittent column (i.e., lacking holes for the dies nefasti between the fasti) is unique, and I am not sure what to make of it. There may have been a single hole marked DIES NEFASTVS, so that a feast-marking peg was either there or in one of the fixed (or moveable?) fasti on any given day. It is also

possible (though less likely) that the peg was moved from the calendar section over to the feast section for the feast days only, and then moved back to mark normal days.

D.iiy The Coltgny Calendar is a long inscription (1.48 m by 90 cm high) on bronze of five years of a lunar calendar, written in the Latin script, but believed to be written in an ancient Celtic tongue. The days of the month are each accompanied by a peg hole, and they are written vertically, beginning with the name of the month, followed by the numbers /-XV, then the word ATENOVX and then the numbers /-XIIII or /-XV, depending on the month. There are 7 months of 30 days and five of 29 (for a total of 355), although it has been argued that one of the 30-day months, Equos, occasionally had 28 days to keep the year to an average of 354 days. Over the course of the five years, there are two intercalary months, each of 30 days. The symbols (I,}, t, I) letters (M, D, N) and words beside the dates are still largely unexplained.95 A sample from the calendar96 should give the flavour:

94 First published in Comptes rendus des séances de l'année de l'academie des inscriptions et belles-lettres (1897), p. 703; Pl. I-VI; and (1898) p. 299 f.; See also Ricci, 1898; Ricci, 1900. The most complete and sober publication is in Duval and Pinault, 1986, including excellent photographs and commentary. See also McCluskey, 1998. More speculative reconstructions, such as those of Hitz, 1991 and Olmstead, 1992, have been attempted, but these are best approached with caution. More recently, Gaspani and Cernuti, 1997, have tried to put the Collgny calendar into a broader astronomical context, but again, much of their treatment Is speculative.

95 Not to say that attempts have not been made: For a summation of the issues, see Ginzel, 1914, v. m, p. 80 f.; Kubitschek, 1928; and especially Duval and Pinault, 1986, p. 421 f. Generally D and N are thought to refer to day and night respectively, but I do not see what this could mean in the context of the calendar.

o xnn m

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