Roman Parapegmas

O The whole of Cygnus sets acronychally. o Arcturus rilsesl acronychally. figure 1 part of a pegged astronomical parapegma (Miletus I). The peg was moved from one hole to the next each day, and any important astronomical or astrometeorological phenomena for the day could then be read beside the peg. figure 2 a pegged astrological parapegma (Thermae Troioni). This type of parapegma used more than one peg to truck different cycles. Here there was one peg for the hebdomadal deities (seven holes in...

1970

EAT Egyptian Astronomical Texts (Neugebauer, 1969) HAMA History of Ancient Mathematical Astronomy, IG Inscriptiones Grsecse (Berlin, 1863-) K. tablets in the Kouyunjik Collection in the British KAR Keilschrifttexte aus Assur religi sen Inhalts, (Ebeling, LSJ Liddell and Scott's Greek-English Lexicon. MULAPIN MULAPIN An Astronomical Compendium in Cuneiform, (Hunger and Pingree, 1989) OCD The Oxford Classical Dictionary, Oxford, 1996 P. Oxy. The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, London, 1898- RE Paulys...

What is a Parapegma

An' as it blowed an' Mowed I often looked up at the sky an' assed meselfthe question what is die stars, what is the stars The word parapegma (pi. parapegmata) refers to an ancient instrument which was used to keep track of astronomical, astrological or astrometeorological cycles using a moveable peg or pegs. By extension, the word also refers to a group of texts which were derived from these instruments, and which tracked the astrometeorological cycle typically by linking it to a calendar....

Idus

Xfvmi vui xfvmj vii x vu vi xv i M xv IJV xiv inn In the drawing reproduced in Degrassi,63 there is damage to the wall at the top of the inscription between columns 3 and 4, and in a small part of column 7. Curiously, no obvious damage is indicated below the Vin column 4, but some dates are nonetheless not visible. They may have been erased in antiquity, or else the reproduction is faulty. The VUI in column 4, just below the K (for kaleruias) is read as a month name by both Delia Corte and...

On the Making of an Ephemeris

At the top and bottom, we leave a larger space so that the top can have the headings of the columns, and the bottom the time of new and full moons for each month in between these, fifteen rows, making the bottom one larger, such that the (rest) will have two lines each, and the (bottom one) three, since the Roman month often has 31 days. For February, it is necessary to mark only 14. We make the columns thus before all of them, a wider one for showing the weather changes of the fixed stars (t s...

What are the Extant Parapegmata

I have divided the extant parapegmata into seven classes as follows A) Astrometeorological Parapegmata are those which relate astronomical phenomena with weather. B) Astrological Parapegmata are those which were used to keep track of astrological cycles such as the days of the moon, the zodiacal sign of the sun, and the hebdomadal deities. Some of these include civil calendrical information and nundinal days as well. The presence of the nundinal days in the astrological parapegmata may at first...

Parapegmata

Astrology, Weather, and Calendars in the Ancient World, being an examination of the interplay between the Heavens and the Earth in the Classical and Near-Eastern Cultures of Antiquity, with particular reference to the Regulation of Agricultural Practice, and to the Signs and Causes of Storms, Tempests, amp c. A thesis submitted in conformity with the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology University of Toronto...