## Cosmic Analogies

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In a former chapter I have shown that the value of Pi = 3.14159 is contained in the sum of an age, a year, and a day of Brahma. I am not in a position to prove that the ancient Hindus, in instituting these periods, had any idea whatsoever of the mathematical ratio of the diameter to the circumference of a circle, but I should be quite prepared to find that all their great periods were but multiples of some that are commonly observed in astronomy.

It remains a singular fact that Kepler's law of the distance of the planets being regulated by their velocities so that they describe by their vectors equal areas in equal times, is in direct relations with the value Pi x a , which represents the area of a circle. Here we employ the value of 3.14159, and this, we have seen, is comprehended in the following periods:-

Brahmic Age 3,110,400,000,000 years Brahmic Year 31,104,000,000 years

Brahmic Day 86,400,000 years

3,141,590,400,000 years

This seems to be directly related to the Hindu, conception of the ages already referred to as the Gold, Silver, Copper, and Iron Ages or Yugas, known as the Satya, Treta, Dvapara, and Kali Yugas respectively. For we find upon enumeration that they are of value as follows:-

Satya Yuga 1,728,000 years.

Treta Yuge 1,296,000 years

Dvapara Yuga 864,000 years

Kali Yuga 432,000 years.

The total of these years is 4,320,000 solar years.

The Brahmic Day therefore bears a definite relationship to the Dvapara Yuga and to the Satya Yuga. Also we observe that the half of the Great Year of Plato (25,920 years) is 12,960 years, which is the one hundredth part of the Treta Yuga. So that there can be very little doubt that these astronomical periods of the ancients are all linked up together in such manner as to form a complete system of astronomical chronology. The difficulty is to trace them to their source. It is of course observed that they are formed on a numerical progression of 1234 = 10, and that the sum of the four ages is 10 times the value of the first, as 432,000 and 4,320,000. This would be the case with any numerical series in the ratio of 1234. I think, however, that the basis of the system is to be found in the multiple of 72, that being the number of years in which the precession of the equinoxes amounts to one degree of the ecliptic. There are 60 minutes in 1 degree and 60 x 72 = 4320, which gives us the basis of the yugas. Also 6 times 60 = 360, the number of degrees in the circle, and 6 times 4,320 = 25,920, which is the Great Year. That which was know as the Naros of 600 years, during which one of the twelve manifestations of the Deity was presumed to rule on the Earth, gives us the value 600 x 12 = 7200 years, and 60 times this is 432,000 years, which is the length of the Kali Yuga. These inquiries are extremely interesting to pursue.

The ancients knew of a motion of the Earth's axis which had reference to the obliquity of the ecliptic, and they appear to have used these ages in order to indicate the times during which the pole of the Earth passed through a definite number of degrees.

The belief is supported by the observations of various astronomers such as Herschel, Maskelyne, and others, who have shown that the diminution amounts to half a second per year of fifty seconds per century, and this is exactly one hundredth of the precession of the equinoxes.

If therefore we take the progression of 1, 2, 3 times the value of twelve revolutions of the circle = 360 x 12, we shall get the basic value of the cycle 4320 years x 1, 2, 3, thus:-

Total 25,920 years which is the Great Year, the entire precessional revolution and the value of six cycles of 4320 years. Therefore it appears that the number of the degrees in the circle multiplied by the number of the signs of the zodiac is equivalent to the Precessional Year or Great Year divided by six.

There may possibly be other grounds for deriving the cycle first of all referred to, namely, the Brahmic Age, but the above appears to me to be the most likely, and the correspondences are too close to be overlooked even by those who have a scientifically educated dislike for "round figures". Nevertheless, so far as the precessional increment is concerned, there is nothing whatsoever to show that the present rate of precession is constant. It is estimated at 50.2453 seconds, but the records clearly show that it was formerly less than now. Probably a consideration of the true cause of precession will lead eventually to the fact that the variation is plus up to a certain point in the solar orbit and afterwards minus, and the mean will be fifty seconds exactly.

This would answer exactly to the theory of Kepler, in which the elliptical orbit requires that the Sun has an aphelion and perihelion of its own, and that its motion in space is therefore variable, being greatest at the perihelion and least at the aphelion, as is the case with the planets of this system and also of the satellites.

I do not consider that the ages of the ancients were the products of the imagination, but that they were invented from observation in the first place and afterwards augmented on speculative grounds.

For I have shown that there is a basis from which they could very well have originated, and this basis is an astronomical one.

If the theory of the continuous change in the obliquity of the ecliptic, due to the Earth's gradual change of axial inclination, be true, it will follow that at one time the axis must have been in the plane of the orbit, and the polar regions would have marked alternations of summer and winter, such as the planet Mars now undergoes from the same cause, and the equatorial belt of the Earth must then have been one perpetual ice-belt. At the present time, when the axis is assuming the perpendicular, we get a more uniform distribution of the Sun's rays throughout the year over the whole surface of the globe; but the ideal condition from the point of view of haditability will be when the axis is quite vertical to the plane of the orbit, for then there will be no difference between summer and winter in any particular latitude.

Another point of considerable interest is left out of account in the earlier pages of this work when citing Bode's Law (p. 72). The discussion of the point did not seem apposite to the matter immediately in hand, but it may here be dealt with in connection with the cosmical facts we are considering.

The proportionate vectors of the planets, excepting Mercury, etc., are given on the basis of a progression of 3(2n-2) + 4, from which we see that the Earth equals 10. Neptune is omitted from this series, but it may be added by doubling the figures for Uranus and adding 4, thus 192 x 2 = 384, to which 4 being added we get 388 as the value for Neptune. The actual distance of the body is usually given as 2760 millions of miles from the Sun, and this would work out at 300 times the vector of the Earth. This clearly shows that Bode's Law is but an approximation which would work out if the sizes of the various bodies were proportionate to their velocities as these are to their distances from the centre. But Neptune is affected by Jupiter and Saturn as well as by Uranus, and the net result is that it is much nearer than is required by the law above cited.

When, however, we come to consider the planet itself we find that it is in a state of chaos, not far removed from nebulosity, and so remote from the Sun as to be in these conditions quite uninhabitable unless we presume, as we certainly have cause to do, that it has a dense atmosphere, and therefore is capable of retaining the heat generated from itself. It would then only require that the bodies upon it should be tenuous and of small gravity, and there would then be nothing against its habitability. Indeed, it seems part of Nature's economy to continue to open up in space new centres of activity in preparation for the advent of man in proportion as the planets nearest the Sun become from their age and proximity to the Sun, gradually less suited to the habitation of man.

On these grounds we have every reason to regard with respect the ancient Puranic concept of the Laya Centres or vortices from which the worlds are evolved. The gamut of the solar system is raised a tone without the relativity of its parts being at all affected. It is even possible that the discarnate humanity of this system will find new habitations in the planets which are ex-Saturnian. Then Uranus will become the higher Mercury, or a repetition of Mercury's life an octave higher in the scale of things, and Neptune will thus be the higher Venus of our system and the habitat of the discarnate Venusians. The extra-Neptunian planet will, on this basis, become the future abiding place and seminary of the Earth's humanity, at a time when our planet is no longer habitable or fails to afford the requisite conditions for further evolution. The idea is not so fanciful as it looks. The seer of Patmos saw "a new heaven and a new earth" opened up before his exalted vision. We cannot otherwise regard these distant planets of our system than as latent centres of future activity and evolutionary progress, and as, so far as we know, both light and heat are necessary for the continuance of life, it is only reasonable to assume that by the time these planets are capable of sustaining life upon them they will be considerably nearer the Sun than they are now. But we speak of times that are immensely remote, but with which, as evolving monads, we shall probably be intimately concerned. At all events we have to regard these distant planets either as inhabited by a humanity physically adapted to the peculiar conditions they afford, or as seed-grounds for a future humanity.

We cannot regard them as purposeless, for there is no analogy from which to argue.

Nature appears to indulge in these octaves. As a writer more than twenty years ago observed:- "When the first note of a new octave is evolved, man first begins to live". In the evolutional scale we have the several stages -igneous, gaseous, fluidic, mineral, vegetable, animal, and human. The eighth note is a repetition of the first, but on a higher gamut, and what in the primal stage of the Earth's evolution was the igneous life of the physical monad, here in the new scale is represented by the fusion of the spiritual monad with the higher forms of matter as comprised in the nervous organism of man. This union of the physical and spiritual monads constitutes that beginning of the new octave referred to above. What is known as the Uranian Age is now opening up to the world, and during its course of 2160 years the seeds of a higher humanity will be sown in soil that is already prepared for it in the great intellectual areas of the world. This is the age of the "pouring out of the Spirit upon all flesh", represented zodiacally by the sign Aquarius. Out of the celectial seeding-ground represented by the "Milky Way" new suns will be evolved. But not in two thousand years can these future worlds evolve further than to form nucleoli. In man, however, already prepared for the inception of the seeds of a higher and more abundant spiritual growth, it may well be that the subsidiary cycle of the present race of humanity can give rise to a tremendous output of extraordinary faculty and the realisation of social ideals and scientific attainments such as the world has not experienced at any time since the dawn of life upon this planet.

For whereas there have been previous Uranian Ages in the course of the great solar cycles, at every return humanity is found at a successively higher stage of evolution, and therefore capable of responding in a higher degree to the impulses of the Spirit. In all there are 100 cycles or Great Years, amounting to 2,592,000 years, during which a complete revolution is formed, and then a new direction is given to the axis of the Earth, bringing our globe into new relations with the circumambient stars. When we consider the fact that the furthest star in the confines of space is knit closely to our earth as to all other worlds throughout the vast empyrean, this new relativity of our world will be seen as the cause of a new evolution when " a new heaven and a new earth" may be said to be actually produced.

These dreams of the ancient seers and philosophers will be found on examination to be grounded in astronomical facts. So great is their significance and so ingenious their conception, we cannot but be struck with the various discoveries, astronomical and geographical, which conspire to uphold them. From another point of view, the theory of new centres opening up in space as the march of human evolution in connection with cosmic changes seems to require, we have collateral proof of this, so far as Uranus and Neptune are concerned, from the facts of astrology. In this system it is found that Uranus answers directly to intellectual genius of an inventive and original type, so that at times it appears that those who are affected by it are almost inspired. The planet is said to denote inventive genius, inspiration, inventive faculty, originality, eccentricity, a precocious and wayward mind. It answers to electrical energy in the physical world, and is typified by the lightning flash.

Neptune, on the other hand, appears to be indicative of the artistic genius, and has special relation to rhythmic vibration, sense of harmony. The planet is prominent in the horoscopes of those who are aesthetically disposed, and a study of the characters of those born under its direct influence will reveal the fact that they answer to the planet Venus on a higher gamut. Undoubtedly there are as yet inadequate means for the full expression of these higher vibrations in the human organism, but to the extent to which they manifest they are unmistakably abnormal and even supernormal in their effects.

Such being the case, we have every reason to regard these occult concepts with due respect, and to seek if possible a means of accommodating them to our scheme of thought in regard to human faculty. The effort of Nature to evolve special nervous conditions for the expression of these latent and higher faculties of the soul may give rise to an ill-considered association of abnormal mental and psychic faculties with forms of insanity, when in fact they are only premonitory indications of a condition which in process of time will come to be regarded as normal.

Viewed from the point of view of numerology, we exhaust our gamut at the number 7, and Uranus will therefore be 8 and Neptune 9. But these quantities will have to be applied to the planets Mercury 5 and Venus 6, to which they are octaves, and thus we have for Uranus 8+5 = 13 = 4, and for Neptune 9+6 = 15 = 6. This comes into line with the statement in the Secret Doctrine that Uranus is the same as the Sun, for which the latter is a substitute; and we have already seen that 4 is a number directly related to the Sun in the kabalistic system of numerology. Also we have seen that Mercury is the alternate of the Sun, which answers to the number 4, while here we have Uranus in terms of Mercury represented by 13 = 4 vide Cosmic Symbolism, chap. xiv).

As to Neptune, we find the ancient name for this god of the Greek pantheon was Poseidonis, and that the horse was his symbol; and further, that he was given the dominion of the seas, specifically the Mediterranean. He is symbolised as a creature having a horse's head and the body of a large fish, sometimes also as having the foreparts of a goat and the hind-part of a porpoise. The idea of the sea-horse suggests at once the two signs Pisces and Sagittarius, both ruled by Jupiter in the astrological system (Astrology, p.28), and for a long time Neptune has been associated by astrologers with the sign Pisces, as Uranus with the sign Aquarius.

Now Jupiter, as the ruler of the signs Pisces and Sagittarius, is of the value 3 in the kabalistic system, and this is the alternative of Venus 6 (Cosmic Symbolism). Then, if we regard Neptune as the higher Venus, we naturally associate him with the numbers 3 and 6, which are those of Jupiter and Venus. Also if we regard the planet Uranus as being the higher Mercury and this latter as the alternate of the Sun, then Leo, the sign ruled by the Sun, will find its negative in the opposite sign Aquarius, which is ruled by Uranus and here associated with the number 4, which hitherto has been regarded as the Sun's negative number. This opens up an entirely new system of enumeration, and we shall find that Sun = 1, Lilith = 2, Jupiter = 3, Uranus = 4, Mercury = 5, Venus = 6, Moon = 7, Saturn = 8, Mars = 9, and Neptune, as the alternate of Jupiter and the higher Venus = 6. Here, however, we are on the horns of a dilemma, for we cannot regard Neptune and Venus as having the same value, but we may truely say that Venus = 6 and Neptune 9+6 = 15. But in such case and to preserve the analogy we should have Mercury = 5 and Uranus 9+5 = 14, which employs the two Sun numbers 1 and 4, and produces something that is yet quite distinct, but which, in its concrete expression, is 5. This seems the more reasonable, and consequently we have to regard our gamut as containing nine notes and not an octave merely. In such case we must retain the negative value of the Sun = 4 and consider Uranus as of value 14. Thus:- 1 Sun, 2 Lilith, 3 Jupiter, 4 Sun (negative), 5 Mercury, 6 Venus, 7 Moon, 8 Saturn, 9

Mars, 14 Uranus, 15 Neptune. Here we see that Uranus and Neptune are raised a whole nonate by the addition of the number 9. This number stands for the planet Mars, and denotes the power of the will. The raising of humanity therefore is thus symbolised numerically as dependant on the exercise of the volitional faculty. Nothing can raise the mind except the will to be raised. The millennium could begin tomorrow if we willed it. Individual progress is controlled by the power of the individual will. The will to do, the will to be, these are the determining factors in all human evolution and the final factors in the process of natural selection.

Atmane atmanam upasya, Raise the self by the self, is the mandate of Krishna, as of Buddha and all the great teachers. "Not everyone that saith but he that doeth " St Paul exhorts us to "work out our own salvation" and to become "a law unto ourselves". In The Light of Asia, bk.8, it is said:- Ho !

Ye suffer from yourselves, none else compels, None other holds you that ye lag and stay And whirl upon the wheel, and hug and kiss Its spokes of agony, its tyre of tears, Its nave of Nothingness !