The Twentyseven Lunar Mansions

VO'eli before the Mesopotamia zodiac reached India, there was an ancient system of twenty-eight lunar constellations, which had exi-.ted Since Vedie times. This lunar zodiac is common to China, Mesopotamia, India, and the Arab world, although certain variations are found,

This system divides the ecliptic into twenty-eight sectors, each marked by a characteristic star or group of stars. These sectors are known as "lunar mansions," and the moon passes through each of them in succession in the course of its monthly revolution, remaining approximately one day in each,

DAY/NIGHT STRENGTH ANCM>ART OF BODY rnv^v, ACCORDING TO THE INDIAN ^

r

Day/Night

--- " - .-"-■"- -

3?«_____

Strength !

------------ Pan of Body

<r- Aries

Night

Head ' ——_—

6 Taurus

Night ~~1

face ' ------------■■■

H Gemini_

Cancet__ _ r Leo f Virgo

Night

Arms, lungs ■: . ■■■'-r-

Night

Heart \ ,

Day

Upper part ot bcSTi^Th jnd W ~

Day

L^JS^ineys, stature ■ : : : ■

ii- Libra

Day

Lower part of beilv brtwwn ,iavei «td ^nitik

BL Scorpio

Day-

Sexual organs ■■

i Sagittarius

Night

i highs

VS Capricorn

Night

Knees

« Aquarius

Dav

Calves, ankles

X Pisces

Day and night

Feet

in Indian astrology, there are only twenty-seven lunar mansions or Naksatras, each one measuring B^C on the eeliptk. (13°20' represents the moon's mean daily movement), Howver, one of the lunar mansions ami prises two adjacent constcilamms and the system therefore has altogether twenrv-eight constellations. For this reason, the Tibetan tests speak of twenty-eight lunar constellations, the gyukttr.

The Lfgmd of the Moon

In the course of his momhh revolution, the Moon God C*a-dra, riding his t r\ -ul, h.n mi, p-.;-■.tiev the ^-¿hi k,:m<tul goddesses of tbe Ma.s, and each night he stays wiih one olThen. These t-ncountet s give rise w different typ« of energy ih* m-

fhlence our U-mV.i'.d wmld

■ ■These twenty eight goddess« arc known js ■!,• d.mgiuers rt the four tiuardian Kings- of the Quarter» rt the Vmm*e or

jigten Kyong (Sfet. LokapaL?). These guardians reside at the four cardinal doors of a palace on Mount Mcru, at the foot of the divine realms. Their role is to defend the heavens and the uni-vei-se against the assaults of demonic forces. Yii Khor Sung (Sfet. Dhritiras'tra) is the guardian of the East and lord of the Briza (Skt, Gandharm), the celestial musician-deities who live on smells. Puk Kyepo (Skt, Vimdhaka) rules in the South over the troops of Kumbhandas, the fire deities. Mik Mizang (Skt. Vim-paksa) protects the WesE and rules over the Lu or nagas, deities of the water. Nam To Se (Skt. \hisravana), god of wealth, dwells in the North and governs the hordes of Niidzin (Skt. Yaksas), the terrestrial spirits. Their twenty-eight daughters settled along the gola (ecliptic) above Mount Meni, and each of them thereafter governed a star.

The Gyukar and the Divisions of the Zodiac

The Tibetans divide the gola into twelve kkyim (signs) and twenty-seven gyukar, both systems having 0° Aries as their point of origin. There is thus an overlap between the gyukar and the gola, whose divisions do not correspond. The only possible common division is the "foot of the star," the Gyukang (Skt. Pada), which is one quarter of a lunar mansion.

We thus have the following subdivision:

(pada) 5 Khyim - 9 Gyukang i Gyukar (13*20') = 4 Gyukang Therefore:

1 Khyitn - 2 Gyukar + f Gyukang rift-re al'.o a smaller subdivision, the: Chu ¡so: V ' Chu ts° of a Gyukar - '/is of a Gyukang

The mosr imciesung of these divisions is the gyukang, which constitutes. .'A of * ¿»diaeal $,K„ and u identical to the Indian navamin.

The Characteristics of the Cyukar

Each gyukar is characterized bv an i tone of the lunar mansion. It is also governed bv a * i* planet, the order of the ruling pUnea bang« foi]'OTJWWUlW

1st mansion

Keru

2nd mansion

Vcmis

3rd mansion

Sun

4tli mansion

Moon

5th mansion

Mars

6th mansion

Rita

7th mansion

Jupiter

8th mansion

Saturn

9th mansion

Mercury

(Oth mansion

Ketu

and so on

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