The Causal Approach

The question of "how does astrology work?" can be approached within numerous frameworks. If one sees astrology within a causal framework, there is a large and growing body of evidence to give support to astrology's validity. (See Appendix A.) One of the most common attempts to explain astrology within a causal framework can be called "Cosmic Conditioning," referring to delicately balanced electromagnetic fields within the solar system and within man, which electromagnetic fields are constantly changing as the positions of the planets change. One scientist, Rex Pay (1967), puts it this way:

Sleeper has pointed out that if the cavity between the earth and ionosphere is regarded as a resonant system, it has a characteristic period of about one-eighth of a second — the time taken for light to travel once around the earth. The resonant frequency is thus about 8 cps., approximatley that of the alpha rhythm of the human brain. Sleeper suggests that the geomagnetic field might provide the fine tuning mechanism for this characteristic frequency. If behavior were affected by changes in this frequency, then the position of the planets might play a larger part in human affairs than previously supposed, (p. 36)

In such a theory, the human nervous system is seen as responsive to the changes in the cosmic environment.

Although at the present time there is no comprehensive and satisfying theory to explain astrology within the framework of causality, the most complete formulation developed so far is that of Glynn (1972). Glynn, who did his doctoral dissertation on electro-magnetic wave theory, maintains that a fully scientific causal explanation of astrology is not far from our grasp. As an interim solution to the problem, he has devised the following hypothetical chain of causality which incorporates all of the scientific data listed in Appendix A. Although, as Glynn states, this is only one possible chain of causation that could be used to explain astrology, such a theory does seem to account for much of the scientific data now assembled on celestial-terrestrial correspondences. The following is his diagram of the theory:

Planetary Positions

| causes

Gravitational Field Changes (inside Sun)

| causes

Tidal Wave Effects (inside Sun) causes

Solar Flares (gas eruptions from the Sun) causes

Solar Wind (particles from the Sun hitting Earth) causes

Moon's Gravitational Field J causes

Ionospheric Changes (ionized layer above Earth) causes

■ Alpha Waves on Surface of Earth causes ^ causes

Emotional Changes in

Individuals (Transiting effect)

Birth Quickening of Child sensitive to particular planetary position (Natal effect) (Copyright — American Federation of Astrologers, 1972)

The "Birth Quickening" mentioned above refers to an idea proposed by Dr. Eugen Jonas of Czechoslovakia. As Glynn says,

Jonas discovered that at the time of birth, the baby is at the peak of his metabolic cycle and actually causes its own birth by releasing adrenalin into the mother's bloodstream. His experiments indicated that this peak always occurs at the same sun-moon angle for each individual. The most logical explanation for this phenomenon is that the embryo has an inherent personality The time of birth is then precipitated by the planetary alignments that most strongly influence the baby. Therefore, your birth chart really shows the planetary alignments to which you are most sensitive, (p. 30)

Another approach to astrology could be called the symbolic approach, which considers the planets and signs to be symbols of cosmic processes and universal principles. As an example of this approach to astrology, the following outline is derived partly from Ebertin's (1960) attempt to correlate the yearly rhythm of the seasons with the signs of the zodiac.

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