expressed using their coordinates on the constellation scale (see section 6.10). On Figure 7.38, we present a drawing of the planets on the sky observed from Cairo on September 10, 1393. On this picture we show the evening horizon observed from Cairo at the moment the submersion of the Sun was SUH= 10o, i.e. when the most of the stars were already visible, and the morning horizon with the Sun's submersion SUH= 1o, i.e. when there was already daylight, but Venus and Mercury didn't rise yet. In fact Mercury raised in the same time as the Sun, and Venus even later.
It is clear from Figure 7.38 that on September 10, 1393, Mercury and Venus were not visible. Venus was rising after the sunrise, when it was already day, and was setting before the sunset, when it was still daylight. On the other hand, Mercury was located only about 2o from the Sun, so in no way it could be visible.
However, on the day of the autumn equinox, near the Sun, the following planets were visible in the evening:
Saturn (M = +1.0) was located, as in the main horoscope, between Virgo and Libra. In the evening on September 10, 1394, it was setting when the submersion of the Sun was SUH=14o, i.e. it was already total darkness. The brightness of Saturn was the same as the brightness of the stars of the first magnitude. That means, Saturn was well visible after dusk and even some time later.
Mars (M = +1.8) was located only 2o from Saturn. Its brightness on this day was only slightly smaller than that of Saturn, but still comparable with the brightness of the stars of the first/second magnitude. Consequently, Mars was also well visible from Cairo on that evening after the sunset and during some time following the sunset. It was also, like Saturn, located between Virgo and Libra.
On the autumn equinox day, the Moon, which was in the third day of its cycle, was located in Libra. There were no other planets in the proximity of the Sun. Jupiter was on that day on the boundary between Pisces and Aquarius — almost in the opposite to the Sun location on the ecliptic.
In summary, in the year of our solution (starting in September) there was Venus and three other planets in the proximity of the Sun on the day of the autumn equinox, which was on September 10, 1393, in Virgo. One of these planets was Mercury, which was at that time invisible, and two other planets were Saturn and Mars, which were well visible. Venus was also not visible. The Moon was located in the next to the Virgo constellation of Libra. There were no other planets around the Sun (see Figure 7.38). This situation perfectly agrees with the partial horoscope of the autumn equinox on the Big zodiac, where Venus is indicated in Virgo, and possibly was not visible (there is a disk on the head of the figure representing Venus). Moreover, Mars or Saturn was located in Virgo or Leo. That means the astronomical situation on the autumn equinox day in the year of our solution perfectly fits this description. The only discrepancy that should be pointed out is the absence of the Moon on this partial horoscope on the Big zodiac, in spite of the fact that in our solution the Moon was located in Libra — the neighboring to Virgo constellation. However, if we carefully analyze the both Esna zodiacs, we will find out that the Moon was never shown in any of the partial horoscopes present on these two zodiacs. That is an indication that in the case of the Esna zodiacs, it is possible that the Moon was not included in the partial horoscopes. On the other hand it seems to us that
on the Egyptian zodiacs the fact that the Moon was not shown in the partial horoscopes, was more a rule than an exception. The only zodiac, where the Moon was shown in the partial horoscopes, is the Long Denderah zodiac with its remarkable amount of details.
Consequently, we can confirm that our solution perfectly agrees with the description on the partial horoscope of the autumn equinox on the Big Esna zodiac. Therefore, in the forth column of the check-up list for our solution on Figure 7.37, we also placed the sign plus to indicate that the required here conditions are satisfied.
Column 5: PARTIAL HOROSCOPE OF THE WINTER SOLSTICE. In the year associated with the solution the winter solstice took place on December 10, 1393 (see Appendix 3). In Table 7.13, we show the planetary positions on this day, which are as usual indicated in degrees the the ecliptic J2000 as well as using the coordinates on the constellation scale (see section 6.10).
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