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Figure 3.2: The original table with Morozov's decoding for the Round zodiac and Edelson's computations of the planetary positions on May 6, 540 AD. (Taken from [4], Vol. 6, p.687)

derah zodiacs:

We will return to these results later when we will analyze the possible decoding variants of the Denderah zodiacs.

Obtained by Morozov dates are considered to be the first satisfactory results from the astronomical point of view for the dating of the Denderah zodiacs. Let us emphasize that his computations were done only for one decoding, and there was no other solution found in the time interval from 964 B.C. to 1303 A.D. For obvious reasons N.A. Morozov was forced to restrict his calculations to the time interval that seemed to him reasonable. However, Morozov's solution wasn't perfect. There were few significant discrepancies between his solution and the data contained in the Den-

• The figure representing Venus on the Long zodiac, according to Morozov's decoding, was placed between Aries and Taurus. But in his solution Venus appears to be between Aries and Pisces, so it is on the opposite side from Aries. Still, one can explain such discrepancy by assuming that planetary positions on the Long zodiac were illustrated with certain aristic freedom. Of course, when dealing with an ancient Egyptian zodiac it is evident that there must be some limit for its accuracy so we can expect in advance some imperfections, which only bacome clear after obtaining some acceptable solutions. Nevertheless, based on our results, we are convinced that the accuracy of the Egyptian zodiacs is much higher than it was assumed by Morozov.

• According to Morozov's decoding of the Long Denderah zodiac, Mercury was located on the West from the Sun between Aries and Taurus. However, in his solution Mercury is on the East from the Sun, between Taurus and Gemini. Consequently, the order of the planets on the zodiac and in the solution are not the same.

• On the Long zodiac, there is no star sign placed over the head of the figure representing Mercury, what Morozov himself interpreted6 as an indication that Mercury was not visible due to its proximity to the Sun. However, Mercury in his solution was definitely visible. This matter was discussed by two Russian physicists N.S. Kellin and D.V. Denisenko:

" It is difficult to explain why Mercury that, on May 6, 540 AD. was 15o - 17o to the East from the Sun,, is located on the Long zodiac to the West from the Sun,, so close that it couldn't be visible because of the sunlight, which was confirmed by the absence of a star sign over its head. But, 15o

from the ¡Sun makes Mercury visible even at the latitude of Moscow, not to mention that it would be even more visible in Egypt, where the ecliptic is less inclined to the horizon"7.

• On the Round zodiac, Mercury has star sign over his head that indicates its visibility. But in Morozov's solution Mercury was invisible. Let us explain that for visibility of a planet or star (except Venus) the submersion of the Sun with respect to the horizon must be at least 9o - 10o. In Morozov's solution, the submersion of the Sun on March 15, 568 A.D. in Egypt, at the moment Mercury was rising above the horizon, was only 4o - 6o (further we go to the North of Egypt — smaller the submersion becomes). Brightness of Mercury at that time was +0.4, according to the standard brightness scale, what can be compared with the brightness of some stronger stars. All the above indicates that on March 15, 568 A.D. Mercury was definitely invisible8.

All the above imperfections of Morozov's solution convinced N.S. Kellin and D.V. Denisenko to write the following comment:

"The solution obtained by N.A. Morozov for the Long zodiac contains several flaws and therefore should be called conditional."9

In 1990s, Kellin and Denisenko extended Morozov's computations for the Denderah zodiacs beyond the year 1303. They adopted the proposed by Morozov decoding, fully trusting him in this respect. This time the astronomical calculations were done using computers and all the dates, until present times, were verified for their conformity with the data provided by the zodiacs. They found that there is one more solution for the Denderah zodiacs:

The Long Denderah zodiac: May 12, 1394 AD. The Round Denderah zodiac: March22, 1422 AD. (N.S. Kellin and D.V. Denisenko10)

The solution obtained by N.S. Kellin and D.V. Denisenko appears to be better than Morozov's solution11. However, for the Long zodiac this new solution still wasn't flawless and the authors were aware of it. They made the following comment12:

"We have to admit that our solution for the Long zodiac should also be considered as conditional even if it is more satisfactory than the one that was found by Morozov"

Consequently, it is clear that there is no ideal solution for Morozov's original decoding of the Denderah zodiacs. In the year 1999-2000, the problem of astronomical dating of Egyptian zodiacs, including the Denderah zodiacs, was studied by Tatiana Fomenko, who analyzed the decoding proposed by Morozov and suggested some modifications. In particular, she discovered that the drawing of the Long zodiac, taken from the book Uranographia by Bode, which was used by N.A. Morozov, contained several mistakes13. This drawing was originally published in the second volume of the D.V. Denon's book [104]. In 1798, he accompanied Napoleon Bonaparte on his expedition to Egypt, and there he made numerous sketches of the ancient monuments.

Figure 3.3: Comparison of the Napoleonic picture of the Long zodiac and Denon's drawing: the fragment between Libra and Virgo

The calculations were

done using the program Turbo Sky

By comparing this drawing with the picture of the Long zodiac published in the Napoleonic album, T. Fomenko noticed that the existing differences were sufficiently significant to change the astronomical meaning of the Long zodiac. Clearly, Morozov was not aware of these mistakes which resulted in an erroneous decoding of the horoscope. We show on Figure 3.4

"N.A. Morozov with full trust in the De-non's picture decoded the Long zodiac. ... Let us look carefully at the Denon's picture. It is easy to notice that the figure representing Saturn somehow doesn't have a walking stick, which is present on the original. ... On the contrary, Denon supplied a figure standing between Libra and Virgo, with a walking stick. ... On the Napoleonic drawing this figure has no stick. Morozov, deceived by Denon's picture, recognized this figure as Saturn, and that was a mistake14.

On Figure 3.3, we compare the discussed by T. Fomenko fragment of Denon's drawing of the Long zodiac with the same fragment of the Napoleonic picture. Notice that on Bode's drawing the female figure, which on the Napoleonic picture has a crescent over her head (second from the right), was changed into a male figure and in addition it was equipped with a walking stick. This transformation resulted in "creation" of a planetary figure that shouldn't be there.

As the picture of the Long zodiac, published in [4], Volume 6, was not of a high quality, in Figure 3.7 we show another reproduction of Denon's picture of the Long zodiac, which was taken from [105]15. T. Fomenko corrected these mistakes in Morozov's decoding and modified it accordingly. For a detailed explanation related to her decoding we refer to [1].

In her work, T. Fomenko stated more Figure 3.4: The drawing of the Long zodiac used by strict and rigorous requirements for accept-NA Morozov, which was reprvducedfrom the Bode's able astronomical solutions of the Egyptian "Uranographia". (See [4], Vol. 6, p. 671-672. The an- zodiacs which are: notations on the drawing were made by Morozov)

• The positions of all the planets on a solution should correspond exactly to their positions on the zodiac without any distinguishable adjustment.

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The Illustrated Key To The Tarot

The Illustrated Key To The Tarot

The pathology of the poet says that the undevout astronomer is mad the pathology of the very plain man says that the genius is mad and between these extremes, which stand for ten thousand analogous excesses, the sovereign reason takes the part of a moderator and does what it can. I do not think that there is a pathology of the occult dedications, but about their extravagances no one can question, and it is not less difficult than thankless to act as a moderator regarding them.

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