818 Verification of the Meeting Scene above the Lion

We will now verify if the astronomical solution of May 15-16, 1230, agrees with the "meeting scene" above the figure of lion. This scene, which is shown in the surroundings of the Upper zodiac above its left lower corner, was already discussed in subsection 8.1.2. There are two male figures, holding hands on the top of a lion, shown in this scene. One of them has two faces — it is possibly Mercury. The other figure could represent Saturn, Jupiter or Mars. The lion, or lioness has a human head — possible female. As we have seen previously on the other Egyptian zodiacs, such a figure of a lion or lioness symbolizes Venus in Leo.

Let us check what was happening in the constellation of Leo at the time Venus and Mercury were passing through it in the year of the solution. Since these two planets stay always in the proximity of the Sun, it is easy to approximate the time of such an event: June-September, i.e. when the Sun is crossing the constellations of Gemini, Cancer, Leo and Virgo.

There are again two possible cases, depending on the beginning of the year. If the beginning of the year took place in the spring, winter or autumn, then we should look into the period from June till September, 1230. On the other hand, if the beginning of the year was in the summer, what could be around the summer solstice day, then we should consider it in 1229. Notice that the confirmation of one of these possibilities can clarify the convention of the new year in the case of the Athribis zodiacs. Since we already know from the previous subsection (see subsection 8.1.7) that the beginning of the year was either in March or June, the "meeting scene" in Leo may help us to eliminate one of these months.

Notice, that the Athribis zodiacs are different from other Egyptian zodiacs. Except for the partial horoscope of the summer solstice on the Lower zodiac, there are no other partial horoscopes indicated on the Athribis zodiacs. None of the constellations corresponding to the other three solstice and equinox points, i.e. Virgo, Pisces, and Sagittarius, is distinguished in any way. The symbolism of the solstice and equinox points appear only in the fringe of figures surrounding the zodiacs. It is the most striking that among all these points, only the summer solstice point was given such a great deal of attention. It is not very usual for the Egyptian zodiacs.

Let us try to locate the "meeting scene" in Leo either in the year 1229 or 1230. Using the program Turbo-Sky, we were able to determine that from June till September 1230, when Venus and Mercury were passing through Leo, all three other planets - Mars, Saturn and Jupiter, were not far from them. Mars was in Aquarius, Saturn in Pisces near the border with Aquarius, Jupiter in Gemini. However, this configuration excludes the possibility of a meeting between Mercury and another male planet in Leo during that period of time in the year 1230. However, such a "meeting scene" was almost immediately found in the year 1229, and the match was literally perfect. Indeed, on August 24, 1229, before the dawn in Cairo, the constellation of Leo raised on the sky, where three planets — Mercury, Mars and Venus, were visible. At that time, Mercury and Mars were side by side, in a distance of one degree one from another, and Venus was 2o from Regulus (Alpha Leonis) — the brightest star in that part of the sky. Notice that Regulus is located in the head of the lion — the symbol of Leo. All these planets were well visible in Cairo at 3:00 AM (GMT). The submersion of the Sun behind the horizon at the moment Mercury and Mars were rising in Cairo, was SUH=9o. In that time, Venus and Regulus were already above the horizon (see Figure 8.6). The brightness of Mercury was M = +0.1 and for Mars it was M = +2.1, which can be compared with the brightness of the star of the first and second magnitudes. Consequently, on August 24, 1229, the planets: Mars, Mercury and Venus, were very well visible by daybreak in Cairo. Let us recall that the brightness stars become visible with the submersion of the Sun behind the horizon of SUH = 7o-8o (see subsection 6.7.3). On the other hand, fade stars become invisible with the Sun's submersion of SUH = 9o.

In summary, before dawn on this day in Cairo, Mercury and Mars could be observed side by side just above the horizon in Leo. A little higher, there was Venus next to Regulus — it was also well visible. All the other stars in that part of the sky already became invisible because of the rising Sun. This picture fits exactly the symbolic scene of a "meeting" between Mercury and another male planet. These two figures are shown standing over a lion, what simply means that the whole event took place in Leo. The fact that they hold each other hands indicates that it was a very "close meeting" — Mercury was "touching" the other planet. The lion has a female face, what is a usual way on the Egyptian zodiacs to represent Venus in Leo, when it is not far from Regulus.

In this way we were able to confirm that all the conditions expressed on the Athribis zodiacs, are perfectly satisfied by the pair of the astronomical solutions: May 15-16, 1230 AD. — for the Lower Zodiac, and February 9-10, 1268 AD. — for the Upper Zodiac. Consequently, these solutions are complete. In what follows, we will demonstrate that there are no other full solutions for the Athribis zodiacs, even when admitting much larger margins for the planetary positions.

Figure 8.6: Planets around the Sun on August 24, 1229 AD.

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