In the previous section we've presented how the date shown on the zodiac found inside a large ancient temple in Esna was decoded. We called this zodiac the Big Esna zodiac. It turned out that this date was pointing at the end of the 14th century A.D. — the year 1394. As we've already mentioned, in another temple in Esna, a second zodiac of a similar type was also discovered. In this section we will discuss the decoding of the date from that zodiac, which we call the Small Esna zodiac. We call this zodiac Small just to indicate its provenance from this much smaller temple, what has nothing to do with the actual size of this zodiac. A drawings of the Small zodiac, which were borrowed from the Napoleonic Album are shown on Figures 2.18 and 2.17. It is very interesting to compare the dates of these two zodiacs. In the case of the Denderah zodiacs, we found out that the encoded in them dates were very close one to another. The difference between them was only 17 years. Is it a similar situation with the Esna zodiacs? As we will show it in a moment, this is indeed the case. Again, the difference between the dates represented on the Esna zodiacs is barely 10 years.
Let us recall that the ancient city of Esna is located on the west bank of the Nile river, at the south end of the great meander of the Nile, surrounding from the east the Valley of the Kings (see Figure 3.8). It is postulated that earlier this city was named in Greek Lycopolis38.
The small temple was located at the north end of Esna. Europeans who penetrated there during the Egyptian expedition of Napoleon, reported extensive damages to this temple. A drawing (see Figure 7.40), taken from the Napoleonic Description of Egypt39 shows the extend of its destruction. The Small zodiac was also damaged — one of its fragments was destroyed. Namely, the part of the zodiac containing Scorpio, Libra and Virgo was completely missing. Fortunately, the destroyed part was not crucial for the decoding of the date of this zodiac. In fact, all the planetary figures of the main horoscope were located in the preserved parts of the zodiac (see Figure 5.42).
Let us begin the analysis and decoding of the Small Esna zodiac, which will lead to obtaining the date that was encoded in its design by the "ancient" creators of this zodiac.
For the purpose of dating, we will need a more detailed picture of the Small zodiac. On Figures 7.42, 7.43 and 7.44, we present the enlarged drawing of this zodiac, which we cut into three parts. The size of the figures will allow us to observe all the necessary details needed for the analysis.
As we've already mentioned, we had no other pictures or photographs of the Small Esna zodiac, except the drawings published in the Napoleonic Album . Unfortunately, the small Esna temple does not exist anymore. Nevertheless, we were quite confident that these drawings are sufficiently precise for the purpose of dating.
We precede with the dating process of the Small zodiac by following the usual steps (see section 6.7).
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