The symbols of the summer solstice are presented on Figures 5.71, 5.73 and 5.72. Let us list them:
(1) Like in the case of Sagittarius, the symbol of Gemini on the most Egyptian zodiacs is a complex figure. Apart of Gemini itself it also includes the minimal partial horoscope of the summer solstice:
the Sun, Mercury and Venus. This complex astronomical hieroglyph of Gemini is explained on Figure 5.71.
(2) A man with a raised hand (see Figures 5.73 and 5.72 (DL), (EM) and (AN)). Sometimes this figure is placed on a boat. In another hand he may hold a planetary walking stick indicating that this is a symbol of the Sun, which was considered as a planet in the ancient astronomy. As we already discussed this figure in section 4.2, his raised hand symbolizes the summer solstice. Such a figure never appears at the winter solstice point.
Let us point out that this figure of a man with a raised hand is wrongly interpreted by Egyptologists as a symbol of the non-zodiacal Orion constellation. On this basis a huge theory about the hidden meaning of the Egyptian astronomical texts was speculated. Even leading to a conjectured "dating" of Egyptian pyramids. See for example . We do not intend to engage here into a dispute about these theories, but in view of our results it is clear that this symbol has nothing to do with the Orion constellation. There is no evidence that any other than zodiac constellations were ever displayed on the Egyptian zodiacs.
(3) A bird sitting on a pillar. This bird symbolizes the Sun at the summer solstice (see Figure 5.72 (DR) and (DL)). This figure appears only at the summer solstice point. We've already discussed this symbol in section 4.2.
(4) A standing pillar with two bending poles on its sides. This symbol, which is another variation of the previous one, expresses the idea of a local maximum. On the Egyptian zodiacs it can only be found around the summer solstice point. Sometimes the middle pillar was decorated with a snake around it (see Figures 5.73 and 5.72 (EM)).
(5) A fantastic creature with bull's body, lamb's head and the wings (see Figures 5.73 and 5.72 (EM)). Such a symbol also can be found at the winter solstice point (see subsection 5.8.3). A similar creature with four heads has another meaning — it denotes an equinox point (see subsections 5.8.1 and 5.8.3).
(6) A fantastic bird with a lamb or crocodile head. For example, on the both Esna zodiacs this figure has a crocodile head (see Figures 5.73 and 5.72 (EM) and (EB)) and on Brugsch's zodiac it has a lamb head.
This bird has additional pair of wings similar to the wings of the bull discussed above. On all the zodiacs that we studied, we found it only around the summer solstice point.
(7) A wavy symmetric snake with two heads (without wings). A similar snake with wings would represent an equinox point (see Figures 5.73 and 5.72 (EM) and (EB)).
(8) A two-headed cobra with upright fore body (both heads on the same side) (see Figures 5.73 and 5.72 (EM) and (EB)).
We conclude this section with a picture of the fringe surrounding the two Athribis zodiacs (see Figure 5.74). This encircling arrangement of the figures is composed mainly of the equinox and solstice symbols described above. For example, there are several sequences of snakes, which usually occur at the spring equinox points. There are also two entwined snakes — a symbol of the equinox point (the most probably the autumn one), and a cobra on a small podium representing the summer solstice. The bottom part of the fringe is a partial horoscope of the summer solstice that we have discussed in subsection 5.5.3. Directly beneath, there is a symbolic scene, which will be discussed in the next section.
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The pathology of the poet says that the undevout astronomer is mad the pathology of the very plain man says that the genius is mad and between these extremes, which stand for ten thousand analogous excesses, the sovereign reason takes the part of a moderator and does what it can. I do not think that there is a pathology of the occult dedications, but about their extravagances no one can question, and it is not less difficult than thankless to act as a moderator regarding them.