On Figure 5.66 we show the Egyptian symbols related to the autumn equinox. These symbols can be found on the Egyptian zodiacs only in the proximity of Virgo or possibly near Pisces, where the spring equinox occurs. Notice that the spring and autumn equinoxes are located symmetrically on the opposite sides of the ecliptic. From the astronomical point of view they are similar, so, it is not surprising that they share some of the symbols (but not all of them).
Let us list the symbols of the autumn equinox (see Figure 5.66):
(1) A human figure holding a child on his/her hand. This symbol appears on the both Denderah zodiacs in the proximity of the autumn equinox. Recall that the Egyptian new year began in September near the autumn equinox48, so the figure of a child probably symbolizes here the new year.
(2) Rectangular plate with wavy lines. On the Round Denderah zodiacs one can find two such plates located near the spring and autumn equinoxes. On the Long Denderah zodiac one such plate is located near the spring equinox point. Notice that on the Round zodiac, a figure of lion reposes his two front legs on it. We should point out that sometimes the Egyptian equinox symbols contain signs of the neighboring constellations — Leo for the autumn and Aries for the spring equinox (see for example Figure 5.66 (DR), (EB) and Figure 5.68 (EM)). N.A. Morozov correctly identified these rectangular plates on the
(3) A person sitting on a chair with spread out arms holding two identical objects. This figure clearly indicates the equilibrium (between the left and right hands) which most probably symbolizes the equilibrium point between the day and night occurring at the equinox point. However, we found only one example of such figure (see Figure 5.66 (DR)).
(4) A self-entwined snake. This symbol appears on several zodiacs and it is always located near the autumn equinox. Among the Egyptian zodiacs that we investigated, this symbol occurred on the Long Denderah, Small Esna and Lower Athribis zodiacs (see Figure 5.66 (DL), (EM) and (AN)).
(5) Two-headed wave-shaped symmetrical snake. Sometimes a pair of small wings is attached near each head (see Figure 5.66 (EB)) without disturbing its symmetry. This symbol can be found near the both equinox points and undoubtedly it indicates the equality between the day and night.
(6) A figure on a podium with a diagonal cross. In our examples a figure on the podium is either a bird or a human. This symbol was used on the Egyptian zodiacs for the autumn equinox (see Figure 5.66 (EM)) as well as for the spring equinox (see Figure 5.68 (EM)). Let us point out that such symbol, where the podium is without a diagonal cross, indicates not an equinox but a solstice point. In this case usually on the podium there is a cobra in threatening position (with upright fore body). The diagonal cross likely indicates the equality of a day and night.
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