It was already noticed by the 19th century investigators that there is a rule allowing to recognize the most of the planetary symbols on the Egyptian zodiacs by a walking sticks held in their hands. Moreover, this planetary walking stick is not just a simple rod but it must be equipped with a handle on its top (see Figure 5.23). Most often such a handle has a hooked T-shape (see Figure 5.26) but it can also be bulb-shaped.
N.A. Morozov in his investigation of the Egyptian zodiacs illustrated the planetary symbols on a picture which we reproduce on Figure 5.25.
Let us recall that a walking stick in medieval symbolism was used to indicate a traveler. Probably, for the same reason, in the Egyptian astronomy, a walking stick was chosen as an attribute of a planet. In the old times, the planets were considered to be traveling stars. Indeed, for an observer, who at that time had no telescope, the planets looked exactly as stars with the only noticeable difference that they were changing their positions with respect to the fixed stars. The real stars practically do not change their positions with respect to each other and the same configurations of stars were observed through many centuries. This spherical picture could be imagined as a sphere of fixed stars on which the planets move around the big circle, which is the ecliptic, following the same general direction. However, the motion of some planets is not uniform and it is changing all the time. Sometimes they stop, move backward, turn back and move forward again in common for all planets direction (see Figure 5.24).
In old chronicles, planets were described as wandering stars5 and today's modern world planet originated from the Greek word planetes, which means wanderer. We've already explained that, in ancient astronomy, the Sun and Moon were also considered as planets, because they are moving around the ecliptic in the same common planetary direction. In this book we will also refer to the Sun and Moon as planets. Of course, from the point of view of the modern astronomy it is not correct, but this convention is helpful to simplify the discussion of the old astronomical symbolism. As we already mentioned, the fact that a walking stick was used on the Egyptian zodiacs as a planetary attribute was well-known to researchers in the 19th century, and it was also used by N.A. Morozov, as well as by Egyptologists, to recognize planets on the Egyptian zodiacs. For example, in the modern work by French Egyptologists S. Cauville,6 all the recognized by her planetary figures on the Round Denderah zodiac are equipped with walking sticks of exactly the same shape as on Figures 5.26 and 5.25.
However, if we look at an Egyptian zodiac there may be more figures with planetary walking sticks than required. With a naked eye one can only distinguish five planets without counting the Sun and Moon. They are: Saturn, Mars, Jupiter, Mercury and Venus. Notice that on the Long Denderah zodiac, there are ten figures holding planetary walking sticks and on the Round Denderah zodiac there are nine such figures. Certainly, on the Egyptian zodiac some planets could be represented by several symbols with walking sticks arranged in a procession, but the number of such processions still could exceed required number five. The reasons for such large number of planetary symbols was already explained briefly in Chapter 4. In fact, there are usually additional partial horoscopes present in a zodiac, which could increase the number of planetary symbols. The previous researchers didn't realize the existence of such partial horoscopes. Therefore, they were forced to explain the additional planetary symbols in a conjectural way. For example, N.A. Morozov postulated that some of these symbols represented comets — it is impossible to check this claim by any kind of calculations. Comets, which are visible from the Earth are not classified and astronomers may not be even aware of those comets that had appeared near the Earth in the distant past. Still, appearances of comets is relatively rare, thus there is a small probability that Morozov's conjecture is true. In our work we do not need to make any unverifiable conjecture. We follow the principle that every figure with a walking stick or a procession of such figures symbolizes a planet, maybe in the main or partial horoscope. We will explain in subsequent sections how to distinguish between them. For
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