• For an acceptable solution, the order of planets on the ecliptic must be exactly the same as on the zodiac. This requirement, which was introduced for the first time in T Fomenko's work, was not respected by previous researchers.
In many aspects, the above requirements impose new and higher standards on acceptable astronomical solutions for the Egyptian zodiacs. Contrary to Morozov, Kellin and Denisenko, T.N. Fomenko did not accept any conditional solution and kept searching for the exact solutions. Based on these principles, T.N. Fomenko proposed a new decoding of the Denderah zodiacs, for which she found one solution for the Long Denderah zodiac and two solutions for the Round Denderah zodiacs. However, these solutions were previously obtained by N.A. Morozov, and by N.S. Kellin and D.V. Denisenko.
The Long Denderah zodiac: April 7-8, 1727 AD. The Round Denderah zodiac: March 15, 568 AD.
We will follow this approach even in more rigorous way and we will show that it is possible to obtain the exact solutions for all the analyzed in our book Egyptian zodiacs. For example, we will also take into account the symbols indicating the visibility or invisibility of the planets portrayed on Egyptian zodiacs, which were not scrutinized by T. Fomenko in .
More precisely, our strategy for the astronomical dating of the ancient Egyptian zodiacs will be based on the following principles:
• We will consider only those astronomical solutions which meet all the listed above requirements stated by T.N. Fomenko in .
• We will also require that all the admissible solutions satisfy the conditions of the visibility/invisibility indicated on the zodiac by the symbolic convention that was discovered by N.A. Morozov17.
• In addition we will require that any admissible astronomical solution should fully agree with all the additional astronomical information contained in the zodiac.
In addition, contrary to the previous researchers, in our approach we will treat equally all the possible decodings of the Egyptian zodiacs, without choosing in advance any "preferred candidate" for the "best decoding" of the horoscope contained in the zodiac. Let us point out that by applying this method we were able to obtain exact and unique solutions for all the studied in this book Egyptian zodiacs. This fact can be considered as a practical justification and proof of the effectivness of our method for the dating of ancient Egyptian zodiacs.
Our investigation of the Denderah zodiacs showed that, beside the main horoscopes, they also contain sufficiently detailed partial horoscopes which we will explain later in this book (see sections 5.5, 5.6, and 5.8). With such a large amount of the additional astronomical information expected from any acceptable solution, the probability of finding by chance a date satisfying all the imposed requirements is practically zero. In order to give an idea how much of a meaningful astronomical information is contained in the Denderah zodiacs, we indicate on Figures 3.5 and 3.6 all the symbols with astronomical meaning which do not belong to the main horoscopes. Clearly, there is a large variety of such symbols.
All the details of our analysis, decoding and dating of the Denderah zodiacs will be presented in the subsequent chapters 7 and 8. Let us simply mention that we have obtained the following solution for the Denderah zodiacs, which appears to be unique on the whole historical interval from 500 B.C. to our times:
The Long Denderah zodiac: April 22-26, 1168 AD. The Round Denderah zodiac: March 15, 568 AD.
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