example, if a figure holds just a simple stick, without the characteristic for a planetary stick handle at its top, it is definitely not a planet of the main horoscope. However, as the symbolism of the partial horoscopes is much less formal, such figure could represent a planet belonging to a partial horoscope.
There are also Egyptian zodiacs, on which planets are represented in a completely different way, not as travelers. For example, on the Athribis zodiacs, all the planets (except the Sun, Moon and Mercury) are shown as birds. On the Petosiris zodiacs, the planets are symbolized by busts without hands, and therefore, without planetary walking sticks as well. These zodiacs in some sense are exceptions.
Let us emphasize that the identification of planets on an Egyptian zodiac is the crucial element of the process of astronomical dating. The obtained by astronomical calculations date would be wrong if the planetary identifications on the zodiac were incorrect. However, there may be more than one possible variant for identifications of some planets. The decision, which of these variants is the right one, can only be made after all the calculations are completed. Let us explain how it is done. Suppose that on a zodiac there are several possible identifications for some of the planets, and there is no reliable a priori indication which one of them is true. Can we, in such a situation, find a correct identification? It turns out that it is possible for most of the Egyptian zodiacs. Mainly because of abundance of the additional information provided by the partial horoscopes, which were discovered by us (see ).
We proceed as follows:
• At the first stage, we consider as equal all the possible identifications and obtained for them astronomical solutions for the main horoscope, which belong to the historical time-interval from 500 B.C. (from 3000 B.C. for Thebes type zodiacs) till nowadays.
• Next, we compare these solutions with the additional information provided by the partial horoscopes. If there is any discrepancy we simply dismiss such a solution. It appears that in almost all the cases, there always remains the unique solution, even if there were dozens of solutions at the first stage.
• Finally, we return to the rect identification. It appears that the final identifications for all the Egyptian zodiacs contains no contradiction among the symbols and their meanings. Ac-
Figure 5.26: Planetary walking tually, the same symbolic rules can be applied to all Egyptian stick hold by a sitting figure with zodiacs.
According to our procedure, we can classify all the planetary symbols into two categories:
Figure 5.26: Planetary walking
•• The symbols that can be reliably identified before carrying on the calculations. Most of such symbols were already analyzed and identified by our predecessors, including Egyptologists — H. Brugsch, F. Petrie , astronomers — Ch. Dupuis, P. Laplace, J. Fourier, A. Letronne, K. Helm, J. Biot, E.B. Knobel, M.A. Vil'ev. The summary of their huge work was made by N.A. Morozov7, who made also some improvements and corrections.
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