16 The Controversy over Ptolemys Almagest

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Figure 1.11: "Almagest"

Ptolemy's

Figure 1.11: "Almagest"

Ptolemy's

The details related to the astronomical and mathematical analysis of the Almagest were published in the book by A.T. Fomenko, V.V. Kalashnikov and G.V. Nosovskiy "Geometrical and Statistical Methods of Analysis of Star configurations. Dating Ptolemy's Almagest"39

It is traditionally assumed that Claudius Ptolemy was an Egyptian astronomer, mathematician, and geographer of Greek descent who worked in Alexandria during the 2nd century AD. His major astronomical work, the star catalogue Almagest contains the records of Ptolemy's astronomical observations. The Almagest was supposedly completed around the year 150 A.D. Ptolemy and Hipparchus (living presumably in the 2nd century A.D.) are considered to be the founders of the astronomical science. The Almagest, whose original name was Mathematike Syntaxis ("The Mathematical Arrangement — Almagest is an Arabic corruption of the Greek word megiste for greatest), is regarded as the most precious and immortal treasure of the ancient sciences. It contains observational data of more than 1000 stars, elaborated numerical tables that could be used for calculations of the planetary positions on arbitrary dates, and it describes a unified geocentric cosmological system that is assumed to have a profound influence on the medieval astronomy.

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