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Plate 11 Part of the papyrus known as the 'Old Coptic Horoscope', the only non-literary horoscope with substantial interpretation of the data, for the date 13 April 95 CE. Copyright British Library.


Plate 12 One of the earliest printed maps of the world, done to illustrate Ptolem's Geography in 1478, showing the climata, or zones determined according to the length day (labelled top left). It corresponds approximately to the account given in disussion of mundane astrology in the Tetrabiblos. Copyrigth Briotish Library.

Plate 13 Impressions from magical seal-stones with astral emblems, reversed image: (a) A ten-footed scorpion surrounded by the heads of a bull and a ram, the Sun, the Moon and the Balance of Libra. The reverse has a palm and a Christian sign, with the inscription, 'Keep away from injustice (or the unjust man) and fear will not come near you.' (b) The head of a woman, with a crescent above, looking towards a ten-footed crab, representing the house of the Moon. The reverse has an inscription of a magical incantation, (c) The name Barkaba, seven stars, two arrows and the magical name lao (taken from the name of the Jewish God) on one side and, on the other, Adone, perhaps from the Hebrew meaning Lord, between a star and a crescent, with two arrows and the magical name Abrasas. Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris.

Plate 14 Restored Mithraeum in Ostia, known as Sette Sfere after the circles visible on the pavement representing the seven spheres of the planets(CIMRM 239). The circles also represent the grades, rising to the highest at the far end, where the cult-niche is the focus. On the front of the benches are representations of the planet-deities, with Diana (the Moon), Mercury and Jupiter on the left, and Saturn, Venus and Mars on the right. The Sun is presumably represented by Mithras himself. On the projecting ledges of the benches are the signs of the zodiac, with a star above each.

Plate 15 Scene of the birth of Mithras out of an egg, from Housesteads on Hadrian's Wall, showing the zodiac in reverse, arranged so as to correspond to the planetary houses. Copyright Museum of Antiquities of the University, Newcastle-upon-Tyne.

Plate 16 Front face of an altar to the Sun-god, dedicated by slaves or exslaves employed in storehouses who came from Palmyra, a city between Syria and Babylonia, which was part of the Empire from the early first century CE. While this face has a Latin inscription of standard type, the left face has a different portrayal of the Sun-god in his chariot which perhaps conforms to images of Palmyrene type, where the Sun-god was an important deity. Below it is an inscription on Palmyrene characters. It is usually dated to the second or third century CE. Rome, Capitoline Museum.

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