Xxxii

We have now explained everything which is indicated by combinations of planets, my dear Mavortius, and this book hastens toward its end. But here is still something required for the full development of this work and this I shall now point out to you. Otherwise, unless the whole foundation is laid, we may not arrive at the secrets of the Mathesis which the seventh book will contain and to the Sphaera Barbarica77 which will be explained in the eighth. 2. Therefore we shall now show what you ought...

Ix

We have carefully explained the aspects of the Moon and now we turn to another kind of interpretation, namely that of the Moon herself we would not wish to overlook anything in these detailed discussions, especially since the whole essence of life is influenced by the course of the Moon. 2. If the waxing Moon, moving away from Saturn, comes into aspect with Jupiter or is moving toward Jupiter, the natives will be wealthy, generous, famous, noble, ruling great people or great states. To some is...

Scorpio

Whoever has the ascendant in the first degree of Scorpio will be a magician who lessens hidden pains by the power of words. Whoever has it in the second degree will be debased and often a reputed prostitute. Those who have it in the third degree will be dwarves, hunchbacks, or clowns. In the fourth degree they will be hunchbacks assigned to the pleasure of kings or emperors. 2. Those who have the ascendant in the fifth degree of Scorpio will be noble, pious, and just, and have distinguished...

Xi

Afflictions and illness, a short life, and a violent death are indicated by the Moon moving from Mars toward the Sun. Some die on a journey or in foreign lands. 2. The waxing or full Moon moving from Mars toward Venus makes adulterers, passionate lovers, always troubled by sexual desires and dangerous adventures. They will practice arts, either of painting, perfumery, or work with jewels or pearls often they will become dyers or merchants in metals, according to the nature and quality of the...

The Names Of The Twelve Houses What Planets Are Allotted To Them And What Are Their Predictions

Now that we have spoken about the characters, names, and nature of the twelve houses we must briefly show the meaning of these same houses. Let us begin with the ascendant, which marks the beginning of the other houses. 2. It will be useful to name the houses in this order Life, Hope, Dea or Brothers, Parents, Children, Health, Spouse, Death, Deus, Medium Caelum, Bonus Daemon, Malus Daemon. Through these names and houses the character of the entire nativity can be found. When you look at it...

Libra

Whoever has the ascendant in the first degree of Libra will be handsome, charming, and lovable. If Saturn is in that degree he will be unblemished in every part of the body. There are many stars in the second degree of Libra, some masculine, some feminine. Whoever has the ascendant in masculine stars will be noble and a writer of hymns to whom the secrets of the gods are entrusted. But if the ascendant is in feminine stars, he will be a male prostitute always conspicuous for charm and...

Pisces

Whoever has the ascendant in the first degree of Pisces will be a diligent composer and be granted a living from royal resources. He will have children from the seduction of sisters or relatives. Whoever has the ascendant in the second degree of Pisces will be shrill, suspicious, and jealous. In the third degree he will be involved in impure vices, a prostitute whose life is always a public scandal. 2. Whoever has the ascendant in the fourth degree of Pisces will have the effeminate habits of a...

Ufe And Training Of An Astrologer

Now you, whoever you are who try to read these books, since you have received the whole knowledge of this divine science and are now endowed with the secrets of the stars and have learned the first principles of the art, shape yourself in the image and likeness of divinity, so that you may always be a model of excellence. He who daily speaks about the gods or with the gods must shape his mind to approach the likeness of divinity. 2. Therefore study and pursue all the distinguishing marks of...

Xxxvii

Venus also is allotted ten years and nine months. When Venus becomes ruler of time, you must investigate everything in the same way we showed in the case of the other planets. From this time she keeps eight months to herself. During thesfe months she grants the greatest affect to the marriage couch, together,with personal grace and charm. She brings happiness with great security, especially if she is ruler of the chart. 2. Thirty months of Venus are allotted to Saturn. When he receives these he...

Firmicus In The Middle Ages

The Mathesis of Firmicus is the last work on astrology in the ancient world. The reason for this may be that there was a sharpening of penalties against all non-Christian practices under Constantine and again under Valentinian (375-392). A number of mathematici were executed at that time whereas later, under the Theodosian Code (438 A.D.) astrologers were simply ordered to burn their books. Both the persecutions and the book-burning account for the dearth of astrological material in the West...

Xxviii Capricorn

Whoever has the ascendant in the first degree of Capricorn will be a king or emperor. Those who have it in the second degree will be army doctors, learned in military tactics, entrusted with the arrangement of battles. They will die a violent death. Those who have it in the third degree of Capricorn, if Mars is in that degree with the Moon, will have great power of the sword, but they will exercise their power severely and cruelly. They will be clever, bold, cruel, and kill many men. They will...

Jupiter

If Jupiter is found exactly on the first angle, that is, on the ascendant, especially in those signs in which he rejoices or in his own house or terms or in his exaltation, he will make the native high-born, famous, always ruling great states, perhaps the first ten of the great states. He will also make him, according to the computation of the chart, virtuous, charming, benevolent, cheerful, rich, especially if Jupiter is in this house by day and no malefic planet is in aspect. But if a malefic...

Virgo

Whoever has the ascendant in the first degree of Virgo will be conspicuous for his high position, provided the Moon is full or is in favorable aspect. He will become a friend of a king or queen for his literary qualities and will have many in his power. But if Mars is in aspect he will be a male prostitute and he will die in humid places. Those who have the ascendant in the second to the sixth degree of Virgo will be priests, prophets, or haruspices, conspicuous for high position. 2. Those who...

Astrology Terms X

If in a nocturnal chart the waxing Moon, moving away from Jupiter, is carried toward Mars, great power is predicted control of great states and regions. But it also indicates anxieties and dangers. The natives will not be free from afflictions and illnesses but will be the type who endure these things easily, especially if Mars is found in important houses of the chart. But if Mars is in dejected houses, this indicates skills pertaining to fire. The natives themselves are low-class and humble...

The Meaning Of The Twelve Houses

We must now explain in detail the meaning of the twelve houses, beginning with the ascendant, so that, when everything is described in order, all confusion will be cleared up. 2. The first house is the place in which the ascendant is located. In this house is to be found the life and vital spirit of men from this house the basic character of the entire nativity is determined. This house, from the point of the chart in which the ascendant is, radiates its influence through the following thirty...

The Antiscia

Prefixes Sport

The antiscia should be dealt with at this point because we introduced them a little earlier in this way nothing may seem to have been overlooked in this account of principles. 2. The antiscia of the Greeks have been handed down by tradition. I do not wish anyone to think that this topic has not been discussed by the Greeks. For even Ptolemy42 followed no other theory but that of the antiscia. Antiochus,43 when he said that indeed Libra did not see Aries because the Earth was in the middle, as...

[the Opponents Of Astrology

At the very beginning of this work it is imperative before we do anything else to answer those writers9 who are trying to destroy the whole theory of astrology by many different kinds of arguments. These men are carried away by their faith in rhetoric and think they can shatter the whole of celestial science with mere arguments. I am convinced, and the facts bear me out, that these men are not motivated by their theory, weak and false though it is, but merely by the desire to be in opposition....

Xxx

CHARTS SHOWING THE INFLUENCE OF VENUS 1. If Jupiter and Venus are in conjunction in the sign of Saturn, and Saturn is in a near-by sign, that is, the second, so that he himself will next come into conjunction with Venus, and Mars is in aspect to the Moon and Venus also Saturn is in aspect to the Moon the Sun is on the MC, and the Moon and the ascendant are both in Cancer in this case the natives, possessed by incestuous fury and removed from the protection of any celestial power, achieve...

Ii

We have described in general what the angles indicate. Now we shall explain in more detail the effect of the ascendant located in the terms of the planets. You should note attentively what we say and commit it to memory. Otherwise you will not be able to interpret the fates of men. 2. If the ascendant is found in the terms of Saturn, this will make the natives always sluggish and slow, with thoughts hidden in deep silence they are wicked and malevolent, alien to all grace and charm their plans...

J

Constant help of the gods, especially if, in important houses, Saturn, Mars, the Sun, Mercury, Venus, or the Moon is in trine aspect. 4. Those who have Jupiter in Taurus will have great fame and power but in early life they will encounter serious troubles illness, law suits, even slavery, quarrels with the powerful, losses, toil, injuries. But after they have been thus oppressed they will find a fortunate outcome to all their affairs. They will have fame and the friendship of powerful men who...

Xx

Thus Taurus toward Leo and again Leo toward Taurus Aries toward Virgo and again Virgo toward Aries Pisces toward Libra and again Libra toward Pisces Scorpio toward Aquarius and again Aquarius toward Scorpio Sagittarius toward Capricorn and again Capricorn toward > Sagittarius. 9. Thus if, in, computing the chart, some of the planets are not in aspect, it must be asked whether they are connected to each other through the relationshipof the antiscia. For when they send an antiscium in such a...

Vwy

The signs of the zodiac, my dear Mavortius, have their own nature even without the presence of any planet. They have great power of forecasting and in many charts this is sufficient, even when bare of planets. But this effect is found only on the angles. I shall give an example so that you may understand more clearly. 2. If the ascendant is found in Aries, the MC in Capricorn, the descendant will then be in Libra and the IMC in Cancer. I shall explain in a general way what this situation...

Mercury

Mercury located exactly on the ascendant in signs in which he rejoices, in a daytime chart, makes philosophers, teachers of the art of letters, or geometers often he makes those who measure heavenly phenomena or study them so that they can contemplate the presence of the gods, or men skilled in sacred writings. Often he makes orators and lawyers, especially if in this house he is in his own sign or in other voiced signs. 2. If either the Sun, Saturn, or Jupiter are in aspect to Mercury in this...

Taurus

The Pleiades96 are found in the sixth degree of Taurus. Those who are born when these are rising are always involved in luxury and lust. They are always drenched in perfumes, given to too much wine drinking, impudent in speech, so that in banquets and love-making they attack their companions with a sarcastic wit. They are addicted to all crimes of passion and are the kind who raise laughter by their biting tongues. 2. They will always be well-groomed and well dressed. They twist their hair in...

Astrological Strong Forces For Riches And Fame

Venus on the ascendant by night will make men of divine intelligence, friends of emperors and powerful men, entrusted with the management of their affairs. They will be important and respectable orators according to the nature and quality of the signs. Venus in human signs will make the natives chief priests, robed in purple and gold, able to foretell the future. They will be handsome and charming if no malefic planet is in aspect. 2. If Mercury is in aspect to Venus or in conjunction with her,...

Anafora Astrology

We have told enough, my dear Mavortius, of the charts of famous men. Now we must return to the order of the work we have started. 1. If Saturn is in Libra in the terms or exaltation of Jupiter, and the ascendant is found in that same degree, but Venus on the descendant in Aries is in opposition Mars and the Moon are in conjunction on the MC the Sun and Mercury are in Gemini in the ninth house and Jupiter is in Aquarius holding the fifth house and making his station (turning retrograde or...

Index Of Ancient Writers On Astrology

Author of a prose introduction to Astrology used by Rhetorius (q.v.) and Porphyry (q.v.). Formerly placed in second century a.d. (W. Kroll,i , Suppl. IV, 32 ff.), he is now considered to belong to the first century b.c. Mentioned by Firmicus II, 29, 2. E. Boer, Der Kleine Pauly , (1963) 662 F. Cumont, Antiochus d'Athenes et Porphyre, Melanges Bidez, Bruxelles, 1933. 150 verses attributed to him are probably by Dorotheos of Sidon (Kroll,loc. cit.). Fragments, CCAG, I, 108,...

Xxiii

Now I shall explain masculine and feminine degrees. We must know which degrees in all signs are masculine or feminine. From these degrees it is discovered whether it is a masculine or feminine chart. There are 197 masculine and 163 feminine degrees. I shall set forth in detail which are which. 2. In Aries the first to the seventh are masculine, the eighth to the twelfth feminine, the 13th to the 16th masculine, the 17th to the 22nd feminine, and the 23rd to the 30th masculine. 3. In Taurus...

Saturn

Saturn, when located by day on the ascendant, will bring the native to birth with a great cry. The one born will be the eldest of all children or, if any is born before him, that one will be separated from the parents. That god always, by day, on any of the angles, will make the native the first-born or the first to be reared, or he destroys those born before. But he makes the natives themselves boastful and full of pride. 2. If Saturn is on the ascendant by day and Mars is on another angle...

The Duodecatemoria35

Now I shall briefly set forth what you want to know about the duodecatemoria. Some people think that from these the whole essence of the chart can be found and they claim that whatever is hidden in the chart can be revealed by the duodecatemoria. 2. What these are will be shown by example. Of whatever planet you wish to compute the duodecatemorion, multiply its degree by twelve, and however much that comes to, divide it among the thirty degrees of the individual signs, beginning from the...

Preface

Magic, philosophy, science and theology combine in strange ways in the thinking of the last centuries of the Roman empire. For some time the study of these complexities had been one of my main interests. The example of Firmicus Maternus was suggested to me by Professor Larissia Bonfante Warren of New York University. Firmicus seemed worthy of note for many reasons. He is almost alone as author of works produced both before and after an apparent conversion to Christianity. He was a typical...

Sun In First Decan Pisces

Decan Astrology

Each sign is divided into three parts, and each part has one decan,26 so that in each sign there are three decans, each having ten degrees out of the thirty, and over those ten degrees it exercises its power and control. They have infinite power and freedom in indicating the fates of men. 2. In addition, the decans themselves are allotted to individual planets, so that if the planet should be in that decan, even though it is in a strange sign, it is considered as if it were in its own sign....

Matutine And Vespertine Planets

The five planets, that is, Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, Venus, Mercury, are either matutine, vespertine, occiduales setting , or absconsae hidden, i.e., by the Sun's rays . These the Greeks call afaneis hidden , synodicae in conjunction with the Sun , or acronyctae at nightfall . How they came to have such characteristics and why they are given their names we shall now explain. Matutine planets are those which in their rising precede the Sun. Vespertine or evening planets are those which in rising...

Astrological Terminology

Astrological predictions are based on the movements of the planets seven at the time of Firmicus, including the Sun and Moon . To the naked eyes these are seen to move against, and actually to become part of, the set of twelve constellations called the zodiac which lies along the path of the Sun at an angle to the equator. Although in reality these constellations are of different sizes, it became conventional very early to assume that each was one-twelfth of the circle, i.e., 30 degrees each,...

The Development Of Astrological Methods

Numerous Hellenistic works on astrology were available to Firmicus as source material. Several Manetho, Dorotheos of Sidon, Antiochos of Athens see list of ancient authors have come down to us only in fragments. One, almost complete, is a kind of diary of a practicing astrologer of the Near East, Vettius Valens. Almost contemporary with Vettius was the great work of Ptolemy known as Tetrabiblos, a sequel to his astronomical Syntagma Almagest . Ptolemy's work gives a brief theoretical background...

The Author

Julius Firmicus Maternus is known to us as the author of two works of the fourth century A.D. The first, Matheseos Libri VIII Eight Books of the Mathesis, or Theory of Astrology stands as the final, as well as the most complete, work on astrology of the Classical world. The other fie Errore Profanarum Religionum , written about ten years later, is a bitter attack on the mystery religions from a Christian point of view. Since the astrological work is strongly imbued with pagan philosophical...