The Twelve Signs

The circle of the zodiac21 in which the twelve signs22 are fixed and through which the five planets as well as the Sun and Moon direct their courses turns with a slantwise motion. 2. The twelve signs themselves are called by these names Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn, Aquarius, and Pisces. These signs are of different gender, some masculine, some feminine. The masculine are Aries, Gemini, Leo, Libra, Sagittarius, Aquarius. The feminine Taurus,...

The Risings Of The Signs32

Now that we have discussed the genders and shapes of the signs and discussed their nature carefully Just as has been handed down to us by the learned Greeks, we must show in the following chapter after how many years each particular sign rises in the charts. 2. All the planets attain their maximum power of prediction and exercise their particular force when the signs in which they are located are rising. But these rise at different times and days according to the regions of the earth's surface....

The Nature And Characteristics Of The Signs

We must now explain about the nature of the twelve signs, their appearance, essential qualities, their principles and risings. 2. Aries (the Ram) is a masculine sign of the zodiac, equinoctial, solstitial, dominant, fiery, aggressive, four-footed, sensual, with lascivious eyes, restless, impulsive, passionate, lustful. It is the sign of Mars, in which the Sun is exalted in about the nineteenth degree, with Saturn in its fall around the nineteenth degree, aspected in trine to the Sun by day, by...

The Terms29

Although the sign itself is the home of a planet, yet the degrees of this sign are divided among all the planets, and these degrees are called the terms of the planets. These terms the Greeks call oria (boundaries). We must observe these terms carefully for when a planet is found in its own terms, it is just as if located in its own sign. We shall explain this matter in detail. 2. As we have said, Mars is the ruler of Aries but the terms of Aries are allotted in this way to the individual...

The Antiscia

Prefixes Sport

The antiscia should be dealt with at this point because we introduced them a little earlier in this way nothing may seem to have been overlooked in this account of principles. 2. The antiscia of the Greeks have been handed down by tradition. I do not wish anyone to think that this topic has not been discussed by the Greeks. For even Ptolemy42 followed no other theory but that of the antiscia. Antiochus,43 when he said that indeed Libra did not see Aries because the Earth was in the middle, as...

[the Opponents Of Astrology

At the very beginning of this work it is imperative before we do anything else to answer those writers9 who are trying to destroy the whole theory of astrology by many different kinds of arguments. These men are carried away by their faith in rhetoric and think they can shatter the whole of celestial science with mere arguments. I am convinced, and the facts bear me out, that these men are not motivated by their theory, weak and false though it is, but merely by the desire to be in opposition....

Xxx

CHARTS SHOWING THE INFLUENCE OF VENUS 1. If Jupiter and Venus are in conjunction in the sign of Saturn, and Saturn is in a near-by sign, that is, the second, so that he himself will next come into conjunction with Venus, and Mars is in aspect to the Moon and Venus also Saturn is in aspect to the Moon the Sun is on the MC, and the Moon and the ascendant are both in Cancer in this case the natives, possessed by incestuous fury and removed from the protection of any celestial power, achieve...

Ii

We have described in general what the angles indicate. Now we shall explain in more detail the effect of the ascendant located in the terms of the planets. You should note attentively what we say and commit it to memory. Otherwise you will not be able to interpret the fates of men. 2. If the ascendant is found in the terms of Saturn, this will make the natives always sluggish and slow, with thoughts hidden in deep silence they are wicked and malevolent, alien to all grace and charm their plans...

J

Constant help of the gods, especially if, in important houses, Saturn, Mars, the Sun, Mercury, Venus, or the Moon is in trine aspect. 4. Those who have Jupiter in Taurus will have great fame and power but in early life they will encounter serious troubles illness, law suits, even slavery, quarrels with the powerful, losses, toil, injuries. But after they have been thus oppressed they will find a fortunate outcome to all their affairs. They will have fame and the friendship of powerful men who...

Xx

Thus Taurus toward Leo and again Leo toward Taurus Aries toward Virgo and again Virgo toward Aries Pisces toward Libra and again Libra toward Pisces Scorpio toward Aquarius and again Aquarius toward Scorpio Sagittarius toward Capricorn and again Capricorn toward > Sagittarius. 9. Thus if, in, computing the chart, some of the planets are not in aspect, it must be asked whether they are connected to each other through the relationshipof the antiscia. For when they send an antiscium in such a...

Vwy

The signs of the zodiac, my dear Mavortius, have their own nature even without the presence of any planet. They have great power of forecasting and in many charts this is sufficient, even when bare of planets. But this effect is found only on the angles. I shall give an example so that you may understand more clearly. 2. If the ascendant is found in Aries, the MC in Capricorn, the descendant will then be in Libra and the IMC in Cancer. I shall explain in a general way what this situation...

Mercury

Mercury located exactly on the ascendant in signs in which he rejoices, in a daytime chart, makes philosophers, teachers of the art of letters, or geometers often he makes those who measure heavenly phenomena or study them so that they can contemplate the presence of the gods, or men skilled in sacred writings. Often he makes orators and lawyers, especially if in this house he is in his own sign or in other voiced signs. 2. If either the Sun, Saturn, or Jupiter are in aspect to Mercury in this...

The Aspects38 Trine Square Sextile Opposition And The Unaspected

Among the most important things which we must discuss are the mathematical principles, that is, the nature of the aspects of opposition, trine, square, sextile, and the unaspected, and which is the right trine, the left trine, the right and left sextile. 2. In opposition to Aries is Libra, and to Libra, Aries. Scorpio is the opposition of Taurus and Taurus of Scorpio and all the other signs in the same way. But so that you may find these not only with the eye but by calculation, we will show...

Taurus

The Pleiades96 are found in the sixth degree of Taurus. Those who are born when these are rising are always involved in luxury and lust. They are always drenched in perfumes, given to too much wine drinking, impudent in speech, so that in banquets and love-making they attack their companions with a sarcastic wit. They are addicted to all crimes of passion and are the kind who raise laughter by their biting tongues. 2. They will always be well-groomed and well dressed. They twist their hair in...

Venus

Venus on the ascendant by night will make men of divine intelligence, friends of emperors and powerful men, entrusted with the management of their affairs. They will be important and respectable orators according to the nature and quality of the signs. Venus in human signs will make the natives chief priests, robed in purple and gold, able to foretell the future. They will be handsome and charming if no malefic planet is in aspect. 2. If Mercury is in aspect to Venus or in conjunction with her,...

Anafora Astrology

We have told enough, my dear Mavortius, of the charts of famous men. Now we must return to the order of the work we have started. 1. If Saturn is in Libra in the terms or exaltation of Jupiter, and the ascendant is found in that same degree, but Venus on the descendant in Aries is in opposition Mars and the Moon are in conjunction on the MC the Sun and Mercury are in Gemini in the ninth house and Jupiter is in Aquarius holding the fifth house and making his station (turning retrograde or...

Index Of Ancient Writers On Astrology

Author of a prose introduction to Astrology used by Rhetorius (q.v.) and Porphyry (q.v.). Formerly placed in second century a.d. (W. Kroll,i , Suppl. IV, 32 ff.), he is now considered to belong to the first century b.c. Mentioned by Firmicus II, 29, 2. E. Boer, Der Kleine Pauly , (1963) 662 F. Cumont, Antiochus d'Athenes et Porphyre, Melanges Bidez, Bruxelles, 1933. 150 verses attributed to him are probably by Dorotheos of Sidon (Kroll,loc. cit.). Fragments, CCAG, I, 108,...

Xxiii

Now I shall explain masculine and feminine degrees. We must know which degrees in all signs are masculine or feminine. From these degrees it is discovered whether it is a masculine or feminine chart. There are 197 masculine and 163 feminine degrees. I shall set forth in detail which are which. 2. In Aries the first to the seventh are masculine, the eighth to the twelfth feminine, the 13th to the 16th masculine, the 17th to the 22nd feminine, and the 23rd to the 30th masculine. 3. In Taurus...

Saturn

Saturn, when located by day on the ascendant, will bring the native to birth with a great cry. The one born will be the eldest of all children or, if any is born before him, that one will be separated from the parents. That god always, by day, on any of the angles, will make the native the first-born or the first to be reared, or he destroys those born before. But he makes the natives themselves boastful and full of pride. 2. If Saturn is on the ascendant by day and Mars is on another angle...

The Duodecatemoria35

Now I shall briefly set forth what you want to know about the duodecatemoria. Some people think that from these the whole essence of the chart can be found and they claim that whatever is hidden in the chart can be revealed by the duodecatemoria. 2. What these are will be shown by example. Of whatever planet you wish to compute the duodecatemorion, multiply its degree by twelve, and however much that comes to, divide it among the thirty degrees of the individual signs, beginning from the...

Preface

Magic, philosophy, science and theology combine in strange ways in the thinking of the last centuries of the Roman empire. For some time the study of these complexities had been one of my main interests. The example of Firmicus Maternus was suggested to me by Professor Larissia Bonfante Warren of New York University. Firmicus seemed worthy of note for many reasons. He is almost alone as author of works produced both before and after an apparent conversion to Christianity. He was a typical...

Sun In First Decan Pisces

Decan Astrology

Each sign is divided into three parts, and each part has one decan,26 so that in each sign there are three decans, each having ten degrees out of the thirty, and over those ten degrees it exercises its power and control. They have infinite power and freedom in indicating the fates of men. 2. In addition, the decans themselves are allotted to individual planets, so that if the planet should be in that decan, even though it is in a strange sign, it is considered as if it were in its own sign....

Matutine And Vespertine Planets

The five planets, that is, Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, Venus, Mercury, are either matutine, vespertine, occiduales setting , or absconsae hidden, i.e., by the Sun's rays . These the Greeks call afaneis hidden , synodicae in conjunction with the Sun , or acronyctae at nightfall . How they came to have such characteristics and why they are given their names we shall now explain. Matutine planets are those which in their rising precede the Sun. Vespertine or evening planets are those which in rising...

Astrological Terminology

Astrological predictions are based on the movements of the planets seven at the time of Firmicus, including the Sun and Moon . To the naked eyes these are seen to move against, and actually to become part of, the set of twelve constellations called the zodiac which lies along the path of the Sun at an angle to the equator. Although in reality these constellations are of different sizes, it became conventional very early to assume that each was one-twelfth of the circle, i.e., 30 degrees each,...

The Development Of Astrological Methods

Numerous Hellenistic works on astrology were available to Firmicus as source material. Several Manetho, Dorotheos of Sidon, Antiochos of Athens see list of ancient authors have come down to us only in fragments. One, almost complete, is a kind of diary of a practicing astrologer of the Near East, Vettius Valens. Almost contemporary with Vettius was the great work of Ptolemy known as Tetrabiblos, a sequel to his astronomical Syntagma Almagest . Ptolemy's work gives a brief theoretical background...

The Author

Julius Firmicus Maternus is known to us as the author of two works of the fourth century A.D. The first, Matheseos Libri VIII Eight Books of the Mathesis, or Theory of Astrology stands as the final, as well as the most complete, work on astrology of the Classical world. The other fie Errore Profanarum Religionum , written about ten years later, is a bitter attack on the mystery religions from a Christian point of view. Since the astrological work is strongly imbued with pagan philosophical...