Typology in AstrologyAn Evaluation

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As already noted, the way in which Jung's psychology should be applied to astrology has been an object of some controversy among astrologers. It seems safe to conclude that, although it may have been born from astrological ideas, Jung's psychological typology has developed a character of its own, so that it is safer not to try and establish one-for-one correspondences between the elements and the "four functions." This case is argued eloquently by Robert Hand in his book Horoscope Symbols:

Astrology understood as a system of psychology in its own right has a symbolic framework much more powerful than any in orthodox psychology. It would be unrealistic to expect that one man in one lifetime could develop an understanding of symbols as profound as that of astrology, which has been developing for thousands of years.

—Garry Phillipson and Peter Case


Centre for Psychological Astrology. http://www.cpalondon.com/index.html.

Culpeper, Nicholas. Astrological Judgement of Diseases from the Decumbiture of the Sick. London,

1655. Reprint, London: Ascella, 2000. Ebertin, Reinhold. Astrological Healing York Beach, ME: Weiser, 1989. Frawley, John. The Real Astrology Applied. London: Apprentice, 2002.

Gadbury, John. Genethlialogia, or The Doctrine of Nativities Together with the Doctrine of Horarie

Questions. London: J. Cottrel, 1658. Greene, Liz. Relating. London: Coventure, 1977. Hand, Robert. Horoscope Symbols. Rockport, MA: Para Research, 1981. Hyde, Maggie. Jung and Astrology. London: Aquarian/Harper Collins, 1992. Jung, C. G. "Letter to Dr. B. V. Raman, 6th September 1947." Astrological Journal. Vol. 42, no. 4, July/August 2000.

Jung, Carl Gustav. The Collected Works of C. G. Jung. 21 vols. Edited by Herbert Read, Michael

Fordham, and Gerhard Adler. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1953-83. Kroeger, Otto. Type Talk at Work. New York: Delacorte Press, 1992. Lehman, J. Lee. Classical Astrology for Modern Living. Atglen, PA: Whitford, 1996. Lilly, William. Christian Astrology Modestly Treated of in Three Books. London: T. Brudenell, 1647.

Myers, Isabel B. Introduction to Type. 5th ed. Oxford: Oxford Psychologists Press, 1994. Phillipson, Garry, and Peter Case. "The Hidden Lineage of Modern Management Science: Astrology, Alchemy and the Myers-Briggs Type Indicatork." Culture and Cosmos (A Journal of the History of Astrology and Cultural Astronomy). Vol. 5, no. 2, Autumn/Winter 2001. Rudhyar, Dane. The Astrology of Personality. New York: Lucis Publishing Company, 1936.

Reprint, Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1970. Tobyn, Graeme. Culpeper's Medicine. Shaftesbury, UK: (Element, 1997.

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