Jawer Jeff

Jeff Jawer, born May 16, 1946, in New York City, is one of the pioneers of experiential astrology and a leader in astrological organizations. He began his astrological studies in 1973 at the University of Massachusetts, where he earned a B.A. degree in the history and science of astrology. He established OMetrics Astrology Services there with Barry Lynes, his first teacher. Jawer also presented for two years a daily astrological radio program called High Tides, which continued two more years in...

Partridge John

John Partridge, born January 18, 1643, in East Sheen, London, England, was an influential astrologer and producer of almanacs. Apprenticed to a shoemaker, he acquired enough books to teach himself Greek, Latin, and Hebrew. He may have studied with the astrologer John Gadbury and seems to have given up making shoes when his first publication was issued about 1678. Partridge's first major work, Mikropanastron, was published the next year. In 1680, he started issuing an almanac entitled Merlinus...

Solar Return Chart

A solar return chart provides a wealth of information It describes the overall themes of the year and the potential, options, problems, and issues associated with those themes. Solar return charts are easy to interpret and give valuable clues regarding major cycles of growth and transformation. A solar return chart is a chart set for the exact time of the Sun's annual return to its natal position. At the moment one's birth, the Sun has a specific zodiacal posi tion defined in degrees, minutes,...

Impact of Jungian and Neo Jungian Systems on Astrology

In the 20 th century, astrology began to reemerge as a subject for serious study, after two centuries of obscurity and neglect. A major issue for astrologers of this period was to try and reclaim the intellectual respectability that the subject had been stripped of by the scientific revolution. The most popular strategy was to link it with the new science of psychology, and in particular with the psychology of Jung. Dane Rudhyar, in his book The Astrology of Personality, wrote in 1936 We are...

Kabbalah and Astrology

Astrology is often called the mother of science because of its ancient roots and all-embracing qualities. The symbolism used in astrology contains all basic spiritual and esoteric principles. In the Kabbalah, which contains ancient esoteric Jewish teachings, astrological symbolism is used to explain how the structures of universe and men are established. A very important model used in Kabbalistic teaching is the Tree of Life, which was already used during the era of, or maybe even before,...

Pandora

Pandora is the name of two distinct celestial bodies A moon of Saturn and an asteroid. Pandora, the recently discovered (1980) moon in the Saturnian system, is about 55 miles in diameter and orbits Saturn in less than two-thirds of a terrestrial day at an average distance of 88,200 miles. Pandora, asteroid 55 (the 55th asteroid to be discovered, on September 10, 1858), has an orbital period a bit longer than 4 i years, and it is almost 113 kilometers in diameter. Both celestial bodies were...

Hemisphere

Hemisphere literally means a half sphere. In geography, hemisphere refers to the division of Earth into northern, southern, eastern, and western hemispheres. In astrology, hemisphere usually refers to the division of a horoscope into upper and lower halves (using the ascendant-descendant axis as the dividing line) or into left and right halves (using the midheaven-imum coeli axis as the dividing line). The upper and lower hemispheres of a chart are technically termed the diurnal (day, because...

Prometheus

Prometheus, the rebellious Titan from Greek mythology, has given his name to asteroid 1,809 (discovered on September 24, 1960), as well as to one of the moons of Saturn. In contemporary astrological circles, however, Prometheus is most familiar through the work of Richard Tarnas as the mythological figure best expressing the astrological nature of the planet Uranus. Astrologers have long noted, though few expressed the observation, that the traits attributed to the astrological Uranus appear to...

Neopagan Spirituality and Astrology

Astrology can be found in the roots of most religions, if not all, and indeed, astrology may be the oldest of them all, just as astrology's evolution to astrology is among the most ancient of sciences. Stone-age artifacts, including the carving of notches on bones coinciding with lunar phases point to very ancient uses of skywatching to keep track of time, presumably to make it possible to anticipate cyclical change. These, along with other carvings and cave paintings, suggest that ancient...

Magic and Astrology

Magic is the art of controlling events by occult (hidden) means. Astrology is not, in the proper sense of the term, magical, but such techniques as electional astrology determining the best times to perform certain actions border on magic. Traditional Western magic views astrology as providing insight into the occult forces that are playing on Earth at any given time, and a specialized form of electional astrology is utilized by magicians to determine the best times for performing particular...

National Council for Geocosmic Research

National Council for Geocosmic Research, Inc. (NCGR), is a nonprofit (501-C) organization incorporated in Massachusetts in 1971 for the purpose of raising the standards of astrological education and research. Its membership of over 3,000 is mostly from the United States, though international membership is growing. Most members affiliate with NCGR's local chapters as of April 2003, there were 40 established chapters worldwide in 26 countries. Additionally, several special interest groups (SIGs)...

Herschel

Herschel was the original designation of Uranus. It was named after Sir William Her-schel, the astronomer who discovered Uranus. British astrologers persisted in using the name long after the rest of the world had switched to Uranus. William Herschel was born Friedrich Wilhelm Herschel in Hanover, Germany, on November 15, 1738, and anglicized his name after he moved to England. His original profession was music, and music students were said to have flocked to him because of his talent,...

Vesta

The asteroids are small planet-like bodies that orbit the Sun in a belt that lies mostly between Mars and Jupiter. They first dawned on human consciousness in the early 1800s. The first four asteroids to be sighted were given the names of four of the great goddesses of classical antiquity Ceres (discovered in 1801), Pallas Athene (discovered in 1802), Juno (discovered in 1804), and Vesta (discovered in 1807). Many more asteroids were soon discovered, so that by the end of the nineteenth...

Merriman Raymond A

Raymond Merriman is a contemporary astrologer best known for his work in the astrology of the stock market. His formal education and training includes a bachelor's degree in psychology (Michigan State University, 1969) postgraduate studies in clinical psychology (Michigan State and University of Michigan, 1969-71) professional (certified) life member of the American Federation of Astrologers (PLMAFA since 1972) commodities trading advisor (CTA, 1982) and series 3 and 7 exams for commodities,...

Medical Astrology

There are two completely different components to medical astrology one that belongs in nativities, and one that is done through interrogations. Both parts have their genesis in Hellenistic astrology. The early medical applications in nativities involved the following 1. The general calculation of the length of life through the Apheta, a calculation that later become known as the hyleg. 2. The sign position of the Sun could indicate the nature of infirmities, or even death if sufficiently...

Tarot and Kaballah

The tarot is a set of cards related to contemporary playing cards that are used for divination. Tarot cards are often viewed as being an extension of Kaballah (or Cabbala or Cabala), a form of Jewish occultism. Kaballistic mysticism is built around the Tree of Life, a widespread diagram of the cosmos consisting of 10 circles (spheres) that are connected by 22 paths (lines). Each of the principal 22 tarot cards (the Major Arcana) is associated with one of these lines. One characteristic practice...

Southern Hemisphere

The Southern Hemisphere is the half of Earth located below the equator. Because most tables of houses are developed for the Northern Hemisphere, casting horoscopes for the Southern Hemisphere involves an extra set of calculations. To construct a southern chart with a northern table, an extra 12 hours must be added to the sidereal time for which it is being cast (for the moment of birth in the case of a natal chart), calculate the house cusps, and then the signs on the cusps exchanged for their...

Transit

Transit, from the Latin trans, meaning across, beyond, or over plus ire, meaning go, has two related astrological meanings. The first simply identifies planets that are moving across the sky, in contrast to planets positioned in a birth chart (or in other kinds of horoscopes). For example, a given individual's natal Mercury (Mercury's position at birth) is at 25 Aquarius, whereas transiting Mercury is moving through the early degrees of Sagittarius. One can also talk about a planet's transit...

Neptune

Neptune is a cold planet located between Uranus and Pluto. Visible only with the aid of a telescope, it is a large, gaseous planet with a turbulent atmosphere consisting of hydrogen, helium, and methane. This violent environment is caused by a storm the size of Earth, called the Great Dark Spot, which circles Neptune every 18.3 hours. The unusual events surrounding the discovery of Neptune, an astrological symbol for illusion, are quite fitting for this elusive planet. Neptune was first sighted...

Vocational Astrology

The two most frequently asked questions in astrology relate to relationships and careers. Of these, career exploration combines the best of traditional astrological methods with the best of modern psychological astrology. In addition, Vedic astrology includes very specific data about the type of career one may pursue. Exploration of the career includes several factors in the natal chart Individual creative capacity. Everyone is creative vocational astrology looks at creativity as it impacts...

Leo

Leo, the fifth sign of the zodiac, is a fixed fire sign. It is a positive, masculine sign, and is ruled by the Sun. Its symbol is the lion, and its glyph is said to be a modified version of the initial letter of its Greek name (although this is not universally accepted). It takes its name from the Latin word for lion. Leo is associated with the back and, especially, the heart, and individuals with a Leo sun sign are prone to heart and back problems. The association of Leo with the heart is the...

Mundane Astrology

Mundane astrology is the branch of astrology dealing with history, society, and politics. Traditionally, it had two main functions First, to understand the past, and, second, to predict the future. Both functions, though, are subsumed within a greater purpose to manage the present. Indeed, within the context of apocalyptic fears of political disintegration or global catastrophe, mundane astrology's key task has always been to preserve peace, order, and stability. This, at least, was the goal of...

Outline of Major Tibetan Techniques

Here are several of the major calculation techniques used by the Tibetan astrologer. The Wheel of the Twelve Signs Century Birth Animal Table Sign Polarity Triangles (Thun-Sun) Opposites (Phung-Sun, Dun-Zur) Shi-Sey Brief Sign Descriptions Sign Power The Five Elements Relationship Table Good, Friends, Filial, Antagonistic Major Life Factors Life Force Power Bodily Health Luck Soul Tibetan Yearly Calendar Months of the Year Days of the Month Hour of the Day The Eight Parkhas Four Good Directions...

International Society for Astrological Research

The International Society for Astrological Research (ISAR) was incorporated in Sacramento, California, on December 5, 1979, at 10 30 am. ISAR is a professional organization that serves the world astrological community with an elected board of directors and a network of vice presidents from many countries. Since 1980, ISAR has produced annual conferences focusing on professionalism, research, technology, and international outreach, offering scholarships for conference attendance. ISAR was a...

Jungs Quaternal Heritage

It is fairly well known that Jung had some interest in astrology. Indeed, in a letter to B. V. Raman in September 1947, he wrote I am particularly interested in the particular light the horoscope sheds on certain complications in the character. In cases of difficult psychological diagnosis, I usually get a horoscope I have very often found that the astrological data elucidated certain points which I otherwise would have been unable to understand. Though this probably gives an exaggerated...

Planetary Glymph For Astrology Mars

Mars, named after the Roman god of war, is one of Earth's closest neighbors, the next planet from the Sun after the Earth. Because Mars is farther from the Sun than the Earth, it can appear anywhere on the ecliptic, rather than staying close to the Sun, as Mercury and Venus appear to stay when viewed from the Earth. When Mars is at its closest point to the Earth, it is a mere 35 million miles from away and appears as bright as Sirius the brightest star in the sky. At its farthest point from...

The Law and Astrology

Laws from the near and distant past still restrict professionals who forecast the future, but astrologers are successfully challenging the laws across America, in Europe, and in South America that inhibit their profession. Major court cases have been won in the United States, and dozens of cities have changed their laws on fortune-telling or the occult arts. The Association for Astrological Networking (AFAN) is committed to overturning every law that overly restricts the practice of astrology....

Occultism and Astrology

In the same way the media seized upon the expression New Age in the late 1980s and transformed it into a term of derision, an earlier wave of media interest in the early 1970s seized upon the word occult and succeeded in connecting it with such negative phenomena as black magic. Ever since the media sensationalized the occult explosion of the 1970s, occult has come to be associated with images of robed figures conducting arcane rituals for less than socially desirable purposes. Occult comes...

Irving Kenneth

Kenneth Irving's primary interest has been the recognition and understanding of the part of astrology that can be treated as a natural science. He has been instrumental in explaining the work of the late Michel Gauquelin to the astrological public. At the same time, he has been an active participant in defending Gauquelin's work (primarily the Mars effect for sports champions) in the scientific world, and to that end has written or co-written papers in scientific journals as well as making a...

Lewi Grant

Grant Lewi was born June 8, 1902, in Albany, New York. He was educated at Hamilton College and Columbia University. After graduating from Columbia, Lewi taught English at Dartmouth, at the University of North Dakota, and at the University of Delaware. He married Carolyn Wallace, daughter of astrologer Athene Gayle Wallace, in 1926 and began to study astrology with his mother-in-law. His first career choice was writing, but the economic pressures of the times were difficult, and in 1934 he began...

Reincarnation Karma and Astrology

Astrological Glyphs

Reincarnation is the theory that each individual soul progressively incarnates in a succession of different bodies. Belief in reincarnation usually carries with it certain other, related notions, such as the idea that one is learning from one lifetime to another and that, in time, every soul will become perfected and consequently no longer need to return to corporeal form. Another idea often associated with reincarna tion is the notion of karma, which is the moral law of cause and effect...

Mystic Rectangle

Mystic rectangle is a modern term for a planetary configuration composed of two trines that are connected by two sextiles. To qualify as a mystic rectangle, the pairs of planets on opposite sides of the horoscope from each other must form oppositions. Despite the name, individuals with mystic rectangles in their natal charts need not be mystically inclined. The name seems to have originated with Madame Helena Blavatsky, one of the founders of the Theosophical Society, who had this configuration...

Intercepted

With the exception of the equal house system, most systems of house division utilize houses of varied sizes. One result of this variability is that sometimes a wide house will begin in the latter part of one sign, encompass the next sign, and end in a third sign. The middle sign is said to be intercepted. Because houses that are directly opposite each other are the same size, the sign opposite the intercepted sign will also be intercepted. For example, in a given natal chart, the second house...

Sabian Symbols

The Sabian symbols are the unique set of 360 symbolic vignettes or descriptive images for each degree of the zodiac, which were obtained in 1925 by Marc Edmund Jones from an ancient Mesopotamian source. Several years earlier, Jones had become interested in the psychically obtained astrological symbols of the Welsh seer, John Thomas, better known as Charubel. He thought about asking permission to recast the descriptions of the symbols, but decided they were too moralized for his purposes. He...

The Five Elements

The five elements are taken from the Chinese astrological system. Although somewhat similar to elements as used in Western astrology, the five elements of Eastern astrology are much more defined and depended upon. They are a major factor in Tibetan astrology. Like the animals signs, the elements also rotate in strict sequence from year to year, but unlike the signs, each element holds for two years before changing. Thus, the elements and signs rotate in combination, the total cycle taking 60...

Uranian Astrology

The Uranian system of astrology, also known as the Hamburg School of Astrology, had its origins in the early part of the twentieth century. Alfred Witte (1878-1943), the founder of the system, was a renowned astrologer in Germany as well as a surveyor. He and his student and colleague, Friedrich Sieggrun (1877-1951), were members of the famed Kepler Circle. During World War I, Witte tried to use the prevailing astrological methods of his day to time battles. He found these methods to be quite...

Hidalgo

Hidalgo, asteroid 944 (the 944th asteroid to be discovered, on October 31, 1920) was named after the revolutionary priest who attempted to overthrow Spanish rule in Mexico. It is about 281 2 kilometers in diameter and has an eccentric orbit that is the longest (14 years) of any asteroid. Hidalgo is one of the more recent asteroids to be investigated by astrologers. Preliminary material on Hidalgo can be found in Demetra George and Douglas Bloch's Astrology for Yourself, and an ephemeris (table...

Koiner Lynn

Lynn Koiner has been a full-time professional astrologer since June 1969 and a professional member of the American Federation of Astrologers (AFA). She had the opportunity to study directly with Ernest Grant, cofounder of the AFA, and he was her sponsor into this organization in 1969. Since 1984, she has published an astrological quarterly, the Amethyst, dedicated to current astrological trends, planetary cycles, and how they affect the individual personally. From 1994 through 1999, she served...

Pluto

Pluto is the farthest known planet from the Sun and by far the smallest with a diameter of 1,444 miles and a mass only 2 percent that of the Earth. Pluto completes an orbit of the Sun every 247.69 years, meaning that it spends more than 20 years in each sign of the zodiac. Thus, an entire generation is born while Pluto is transiting each sign. The existence of a ninth planet was suspected when astronomers detected a gravitational affect on the orbit of Neptune. Percival Lowell, an American...

Planet Centered Astrology

While traditional astrologers, both eastern and western, use a geocentric chart, research has been undertaken to consider charts centered on other objects within our solar system, notably the Sun and planets. The premise for such a relocation of the center is that the logos of each planet at a specific point in time can be described by looking at such a chart. From the perspective of Mercury and Venus, the Sun is a vast presence. These two planets have no moons of their own. Both planets can be...

Rudhyar Dane

Dane Rudhyar was the leading figure in the movement that reoriented twentieth-century astrology from the prediction of events to its present emphasis on the analysis of personality. Born Daniel Chennevierre on March, 23, 1895, in Paris, to a middle-class family of Norman and Celtic stock, he spent his first 20 years in Paris. A serious illness and surgery at age 12 led him to begin developing his mind he passed his baccalaureate at the Sorbonne at age 16, majoring in philosophy. He began...

Taurus

Taurus, the second sign of the zodiac, is a fixed earth sign. It is a negative (in the value-neutral sense of being negatively charged), feminine sign, ruled by the planet A German engraving of tarot cards based on the Count de Gebelin pack. Reproduced by permission of Fortean Picture Library. A German engraving of tarot cards based on the Count de Gebelin pack. Reproduced by permission of Fortean Picture Library. Venus. Its symbol is the bull, and its glyph is said to represent a bull's head...

Sagittarius

Sagittarius, the ninth sign of the zodiac, is a mutable fire sign. It is a positive, masculine sign, ruled by the planet Jupiter (although some astrologers would say that it is ruled or coruled by the planetoid Chiron). Its symbol is the centaur (sometimes, the archer) and its glyph is an arrow, denoting the arrow in the bow that the centaur is holding. It takes its name from the Latin word for arrow, sagitta. Sagittarius is associated with the hips, thighs, and liver, and individuals with a...

Scorpio

Scorpio, the eighth sign of the zodiac, is a fixed water sign. It is a negative (in the value-neutral sense of being negatively charged), feminine sign ruled by the planet Pluto (in traditional astrology it was ruled by Mars). The only sign with three sym-bols the Scorpion, the Snake, and the Eagle its symbology is complex. Its glyph is said to represent a serpent (some astrologers say a male member). It takes its name from the Latin word for scorpion. Scorpio is associated with the sexual...

Kepler College of Astrological Arts and Sciences

Kepler College of Astrological Arts and Sciences, located in the Seattle suburb of Lynnwood, Washington, is the first college in the Western world in nearly 400 years authorized to grant bachelor's and master's degrees in astrological studies. The dream of returning astrology to the halls of academia began September 3, 1991, when a group of like-minded individuals in the Pacific Northwest met to discuss the possibility of creating a degree-granting college with its complete curriculum designed...

Vedic Astrology in the West

In the last few years, as part of the greater interest in Hindu and yogic teachings, Hindu, or Vedic, astrology has made tremendous inroads into the Western world. It is now being hailed as one of the most profound and innovative systems of astrology, with tremendous predictive value. Many Western astrologers are now familiar at least with its basic principles. This has been the culmination of several decades of less visible groundwork by a number of people. Perhaps the point of emergence for...

Part of Fortune

The part of fortune, an imaginary point in an astrological chart, can be determined in two different ways. The first way is to measure the angular distance between the Sun and the Moon, and then find the point in the chart where the Moon would fall if keeping the angular distance constant the Sun were to be moved to the ascendant (the sign and degree of the zodiac on the eastern horizon at the moment of birth). The point where the Moon would then fall is the part of fortune. To clarify this...

Libra Glyph Information

Libra, the seventh sign of the zodiac, is a cardinal air sign. It is a positive, masculine sign, ruled by the planet Venus (some contemporary astrologers want to transfer ruler-ship to several of the asteroids others assert that an as-yet-undiscovered planet beyond Pluto will rule Libra). Its symbol is the scales, which its glyph is said to represent. It takes its name from the Latin word for pound weight, or scales. Libra is associated with the lower back, buttocks, and kidneys, and...

Meteorological Astrology Astrometeorology

Correlations between celestial events and the weather have been a longstanding concern in astrology. The very name given to weather study meteorology harkens back to a time when the appearance of meteors was associated with changes in the weather. Even contemporary scientific meteorology, which does not generally look kindly on astrological methods, has noted a relationship between long-term weather patterns and sunspot activity. Ptolemy, whose classic work on astrology exercised a powerful...

Rosicrucian Fellowship

Rosicrucian Zodiac

The Rosicrucian Fellowship was established in 1907 by the well-known astrologer Max Heindel. Heindel moved to the United States from his native Germany and settled in Los Angeles in 1903. He joined Katherine Tigley's branch of the Theosophical Society, lecturing and serving as president of the local lodge in 1904 and 1905. He was also acquainted with Rudolf Steiner, who broke away from the Theosophical Society following the promotion of Jeddu Krishnamurti as the new world teacher. In 1907,...

Jupiter

Jupiter, the fifth planet from the Sun, is the largest body in the solar system, containing two-thirds the mass of the entire solar system outside the Sun. It is like a miniature planetary system all by itself. Since 2000, Jupiter is now known to have 28 moons of varying sizes. The four largest of them are easily visible with even a small telescope. Galileo discovered these larger moons in 1610. They are called Galilean satellites. Copernicus's model of the heliocentric solar system was...

Planet X

In anticipation of discovering a planet beyond the orbit of Neptune, astronomers referred to the celestial body as Planet X. This planet, now called Pluto, was finally discovered in 1930. A common astrological practice is to assign a newly discovered body a tentative meaning that can be derived from associations with its name. (In the present case, the mythology of Pluto, the ancient Roman god of the underworld, was explored for initial clues about the planet's astrological influence.)...

Hestia

Hestia, asteroid 46 (the 46th asteroid to be discovered, on August 16, 1857), is approximately 164 kilometers in diameter and has an orbital period of 4 years. It was named after the Greek virgin goddess of the hearth and symbol of the home (parallel to the Roman Vesta). Hestia was the oldest and most sacred of the 12 Olympian dieties. As with the asteroid Vesta, the natal location of Hestia by sign and house indicates something about the native's domestic inclinations. When prominent in a...

Pisces

Pisces, the twelfth and last sign of the zodiac, is a mutable water sign. It is a negative (in the value-neutral sense of being negatively charged) feminine sign, ruled by the planet Neptune (in traditional astrology it was ruled by Jupiter). Its symbol is the fish (two fish moving in opposite directions, tied together by a rope or, in other versions, by their tails) its glyph is said to be a stylized representation of this symbol. It takes its name from the plural of the Latin word for fish....

Manto

Manto, asteroid 870 (the 870th asteroid to be discovered, on May 12, 1917), is approximately 16 kilometers in diameter and has an orbital period of 3.5 years. It is named after a Greek prophetess. If prominent in a natal chart (e.g., conjunct the Sun or the ascendant), Manto may show a person able to intuit the future or someone who is always seeking information about the future. Manto's location by sign and house may indicate how and where one best intuits the future. Kowal, Charles T....

Muharta

Muhurta serves a purpose similar to that of Western electional astrology in which the astrologer chooses an auspicious time for the commencement of an action. In ancient Vedic times, however, the specific role of muhurta was primarily for the timing of personal and community rites that expressed the spiritual life of the culture. The central role of such rites is best understood in the context of the philosophy of karma. Although the Western sense of karma is often limited to the results of...

Glyph For Virgo

Virgo, the sixth sign of the zodiac, is a mutable earth sign. It is a negative (in the value-neutral sense of being negatively charged), feminine sign, ruled by the planet Mercury though some modern astrologers dispute this rulership, claiming that it is ruled by several of the major asteroids or by the planetoid Chiron an older generation of astrologers associated Virgo with the hypothetical planet Vulcan. Its symbol is a young woman, and its glyph is said to represent a serpent that was...

Typology in AstrologyAn Evaluation

As already noted, the way in which Jung's psychology should be applied to astrology has been an object of some controversy among astrologers. It seems safe to conclude that, although it may have been born from astrological ideas, Jung's psychological typology has developed a character of its own, so that it is safer not to try and establish one-for-one correspondences between the elements and the four functions. This case is argued eloquently by Robert Hand in his book Horoscope Symbols...

Major Life Factors

There are five major factors that are taken into consideration when examining the nature and qualities of a given calendar year. They are listed here in order of their importance Major Life Factors Tibetan Name Life Force (holder of the life) Sok Regarding these major elements, the life force is the most important of them, for both sexes. It represents the life strength or lan vital (i.e., how one holds one's life). Then comes the power element, how one overcomes obstacles and achieves goals....

Mashaallah

Masha'allah (c. 740-815), known to the Latin writers of the Middle Ages under a number of corruptions of that name, among which Messahalla is most common, was an Egyptian Jew who lived and worked in Basra. He practiced the astrological art in the context of Islamic society during the golden age of Arabic astrology. Because of their superior astronomical and astrological skills, he and the Persian Al-Naubakht were selected to elect the time for the founding of the new city of Baghdad in 762,...

Upaya Remedial Measures

Remedial measures are a cornerstone of Vedic astrology. The very first words of the most widely recognized classical work on Indian astrology, Brihat Parashara Hora Shastra, are an invocation to Lord Ganesha, the deity for removal of obstacles. This places upaya at the focal point of the Vedic astrology tradition. Scattered through the text, and indeed the texts of most of the classical works of Jyotish, are verses giving methods for relieving the obstructions and suffering caused by various...

Palmistry and Astrology Astropalmistry

In earlier times when the general populace's knowledge of astrology extended beyond newspaper predictions and sun signs, astrology was more than just the science of the stars. Properly understood, astrology was a universal language or symbolic code that contained widely recognized archetypes of general principles, types of humanity, and aspects of personality. Given the usefulness of this symbolic code, it was natural that astrological language and symbols would be adopted by other occult arts,...

Ptolemy Claudius

Claudius Ptolemy (100-178), sometimes called the father of Western astrology, was a Greek astronomer and astrologer who lived in Alexandria, Egypt. Ptolemy was a highly learned individual, with a broad grasp of geography, mathematics, astronomy, and music. His account of the motions of the planets, which placed Earth as the stable center around which the Sun, stars, and planets revolved, was generally accepted until the time of the Copernican revolution. In his classic astrological work, the...

Star of Bethlehem

One of the few biblical accounts in which the practice of astrology can be unambiguously perceived is the story of the three wise men. The Magi were clearly astrologers, and the Star of Bethlehem, as scholars have long pointed out, was actually a major planetary conjunction involving Jupiter and Saturn. The ancients referred to these two celestial bodies as chronocrators literally, the rulers of time. Before the discovery of Uranus, Jupiter and Saturn were the slowest-moving of the known...

Jayne Charles A Jr

Jayne, Jr., born October 9, 1911, in Jenkintown, Pennsylvania, was an eminent astrologer, writer, teacher, and lecturer, who stressed the importance of mathematics and astronomy. He began studying astrology in the mid-1930s. After serving in the U.S. Army during World War II, he became deeply involved in astrological work. During the 1946 fall semester, he served on the astrological faculty of the American Foundation for Metaphysical Arts and Sciences in New York City. He contributed...

Heliocentric Astrology

Although traditional astrology is geocentric (Earth-centered), some astrologers have undoubtedly considered using a heliocentric (Sun-centered) system ever since the Copernican revolution. The argument against heliocentric astrology is that, since we are situated on Earth, we need to focus on Earth's relationship to the other celestial bodies a Sun-centered astrology would make sense only if we were born on the Sun. This argument was persuasive enough to prevent the emergence of a true...

Masculine Signs Positive Signs

The 12 signs of the zodiac are classified in several different ways, including a division into positive, masculine signs and negative, feminine signs (using negative and positive in the neutral sense of opposite poles rather than as value judgments). The masculine signs are all of the fire signs (Aries, Leo, and Sagittarius) and all of the air signs (Gemini, Libra, and Aquarius). The gender of the signs was originally determined by the Pythagorean notion that odd numbers were male and even...

Mesoamerican Astrology

As in the ancient Near East, astrology and the birth of civilization were coincident in Mesoamerica, today's Mexico, and northern Central America. During the pre-Classic period, around 600 b.c.e., stone carvings made by Olmec artists are evidence that the key signs utilized in Mesoamerican astrology were already in use. During the Classic period, from about 300 to 900 c.e., the time of the rise and fall of Mayan civilization and the flourishing of Teotihucan in highland Mexico, astrology was a...

Johndro L Edward

Lorne Edward Johndro was born in Quebec on January 30, 1882, the same day that Franklin D. Roosevelt was born. While still a young man, he moved south to the United States, settling in Lockport, New York. He became friends with Ernest Wykes, a superintendent of a children's home in Lockport who frequently discussed astrology with him. Johndro worked as an electrical engineer from 1914 to 1917. He then studied radio and graduated from the National Radio Institute in the 1920s. He perceived...

Occultation

An occultation (from the Latin occultus, meaning to hide) is an eclipse of a star or planet by another heavenly body, particularly by the Moon. Despite its seemingly exotic connotation, it is a commonly used term in astronomy as well as in astrology. The astrological importance, if any, of occultations has been hotly debated. Part of what is at issue in this debate is competing theories of celestial influence. If, as one school of thought asserts, astrology works via the mechanism of acausal...

Rulership Ruler

In astrology, rulership is an association of the planets with the signs of the zodiac whereby each planet is said to rule a certain sign (or signs) and, secondarily, certain sets of objects and activities. Since the discovery of Uranus and the other newly detected planets, the question of which planets rule which signs has been a subject of hot debate among astrologers. However, prior to the advent of Uranus, a general consensus about these relationships had endured since the time of Ptolemy....

Phobos and Deimos Moons of Mars

The planet Mars is circled by two small, irregularly shaped moons, Phobos and Deimos. Phobos, with dimensions of 17 x 14 x 13 miles, orbits Mars every 7.7 hours in a circular path that never carries it more than 3,720 miles away from its primary (the celestial body around which a satellite orbits). Deimos, which is 10 x 7 x 6 miles, orbits Mars every 30.3 hours, traveling approximately 12,470 miles above the surface. These distances represent the inner and outer extremes for bodies orbiting a...

Vedic Astrology Hindu Astrology

Hindu astrology, or Vedic astrology, as it is more commonly referred to by its practitioners, has made tremendous inroads into the Western astrological community in recent years. The origins of Vedic astrology are primarily in India and have flourished for several thousand years. According to modern Vedic scholars, a continuous record of basic astrological knowledge can be traced back to 2500 b.c.e. and the Indus Valley region. As one of the true systems of astrology, Vedic astrology is...

The Moon

Doge Palace Cancer

The Moon is the Earth's only natural satellite. It is technically not a planet however astrology traditionally groups the Moon, along with the Sun, which is our star, with the planets. The Moon has a diameter of 2,160 miles, and an average distance from the Earth of 328,000 miles. The sidereal month, or the time it takes the Moon to orbit the Earth, is 27 days, 7 hours, and 43 minutes (27.3217 days). The synodic month is the time from New Moon to New Moon and takes 29 days, 12 hours, and 44...

Syzygy

Syzygy traditionally referred to a conjunction of the Sun and the Moon, such as occurs during a solar eclipse. By extension, it is currently applied to the alignment of any three celestial bodies in a straight line (such as occurs during eclipses and occultations). The etymology of the term is as follows The sy n , which is related to the prefix of such words as synchronic, means together -zygy derives from the Greek zugon, meaning yoke, so syzygy literally means to yoke together. This makes...

Astrology as a Diagnostic Tool

In its application to psychotherapy, astrology is primarily used as a diagnostic tool rather than as a form of treatment. Because every chart is unique, astrology functions as a diagnostic assessment device of unparalleled richness. Many therapists are beginning to use astrology as a diagnostic tool because of the advantages it presents over traditional psychological tests. Since it is based on an external frame of reference, the chart offers a character portrait that is entirely independent of...

Humanistic Astrology

Humanistic astrology was created in the 1930s by Dane Rudhyar, who followed the lead of Marc Edmund Jones in reinterpreting traditional astrology in terms of modern psychology. Rudhyar combined the Theosophical approach to astrology that he had learned at the Krotona Institute with the insights of Carl Jung's depth psychology, whose works he read during the summer of 1933. By the 1940s, Rudhyar was trying to create an astrology based on a philosophy freed not only from the materialistic biases...

Mann A T

Tad Mann was born August 18, 1943, in Auburn, New York. He graduated from Cornell University in 1966 with an architecture degree and worked as a professional architect for a time. He is a member of the Association for Astrological Networkers (AFAN) and the Author's Guild. He lives and works in Hudson, New York, and has a daughter, the woven textile artist Ptolemy Mann. Mann applied the concept of biological time and the philosophical system of George Gurdjieff, Pyotr Ouspensky, and Rodney...

Therapeutic Astrology

Therapeutic astrology, or astrotherapy, can be defined as the application of astrology to psychotherapy. More specifically, it is the attempt to integrate astrological principles with psychological concepts and practices, particularly as these relate to working with clients on an ongoing basis. As clinical psychology is concerned with the examination and treatment of patients, therapeutic astrology would be any form of treatment utilizing astrological precepts for the purpose of treating...

Progressions and Directions

Progressions and directions are two related astrological methods for predicting future conditions and developments. Prediction is the oldest element of the astrologer's craft Whereas contemporary astrologers tend to be more concerned with understanding individuals and their potential, traditional astrology tended to focus on prognostication (predicting the future). The most ancient and still the most important astrological tool for prognostication is transits, current and forthcoming movements...

Tibetan Astrology Lunar Gaps

The lunar cycle has been observed for ages. The moon, from a Sanskrit term for measure, is the primary means by which the majority of the people in the world measure time and their own lives. Eastern and western astrology use the lunar cycle in the same and different ways. In the West, the lunar cycle is seen as a key to the personality and the birth chart. Although books like Dane Rudhyar's The Lunation Cycle, William Yeats's A Vision, and many others describe the cycle as a dynamic process...

Ibn Ezra Avraham

Rabbi Avraham Ben Meir Ibn Ezra was a renowned Jewish scholar born in eleventh-century Spain. He was accomplished in many disciplines and his prolific writing encompassed biblical exegeses Hebrew grammar personal, national, and liturgical poetry philosophy mathematics geometry astronomy and astrology. In mainstream Judaism, he was known and loved mainly for his Bible commentary as well as his poetry, whereas to the Christian European world he became known through his astrological and...

Ultimate Dispositor

A planet is the dispositor of other planets when they are located in the sign ruled by the first planet. For instance, if both Pluto and Venus are in the sign Leo, then the Sun, the ruler of Leo, is the dispositor of Pluto and Venus. In some charts, a chain of dispositors (e.g., the Sun is the dispositor of Pluto and Venus, while Saturn is the dispositor of the Sun, and so on) can be traced all the way to a single planet that is the final or ultimate dispositor of every other planet in the...

Galilean Moons Moons of Jupiter

Jupiter, the largest planet in the solar system, has, as one might anticipate, a large number of satellites 16 at last count (Saturn holds the current record of 17). Four of these, called the Galilean moons because they were discovered by Galileo, are large bodies Ganymede (3,270 miles in diameter), Callisto (2,980 miles), Io (2,260 miles), and Europa (1,950 miles) all larger than Pluto (estimated diameter, 1,457 miles). These moons orbit between 262,000 miles and 1.17 million miles away from...

Gauquelin Michel

Michel Gauquelin, a French researcher prominent for his statistical investigation of astrology, was born on November 13, 1928, in Paris. He received his doctorate in psychology and statistics from the Sorbonne. He and his wife, Fran oise Gauquelin, provided the most rigorous scientific evidence for the validity of astrology, although their work departs from traditional astrology on certain points. Investigating earlier statistical studies of astrology, the Gauquelins found them lacking proper...

Gemini

Gemini, the third sign of the zodiac, is a mutable air sign. It is a positive, masculine sign ruled by the planet Mercury. Its symbol is the twins, its glyph is said to represent twins, and it takes its name from the Latin word for twins. Gemini is associated with the shoulders, arms, hands, and lungs. Individuals with a Gemini sun sign are prone to lung problems and to accidents involving the arms. The key phrase for Gemini is I think. While Gemini has been associated with different pairs of...

Gemstones and Astrology

Quite a bit has been written on the correlation between gemstones and astrology. Unfortunately, much of that has not been in agreement. Some of the disagreement stems from the fact that Vedic astrologers have a very different philosophy from Western astrologers. Additionally, confusion in the Western system seems to stem from the gem industry's attempt to translate these correlations into birthstones for each month, even though the signs straddle two months rather than starting and ending...

Gratia

Gratia, asteroid 424 (the 424th asteroid to be discovered, on December 31, 1896), is approximately 44 kilometers in diameter and has an orbital period of 4.6 years. It was named after the three Graces of Greek mythology. Like its mythological namesake, the asteroid confers grace upon natives in whose natal chart it is prominent. The house and sign position of Gratia indicate where and how one expresses gracefulness. Kowal, Charles T. Asteroids Their Nature and Utilization. Chichester, West...

Halloran Software

Halloran Software began in October 1985 when John Halloran was dialed into a bulletin board system (BBS) based in Glendale, California, and noticed a message from a woman inquiring if there were any free or inexpensive computer programs for astrology. Having already searched for these, he knew nothing was available, but Halloran, who started studying astrology in the late 1960s, had purchased a copy of Michael Erlewine's 1980 Manual of Computer Programming for Astrologers. Within two weeks,...

Hebe

Hebe, asteroid 6 (the 6th asteroid to be discovered, on July 1, 1847, by the German amateur astronomer Karl Ludwig Hencke), is approximately 204 kilometers in diameter and has an orbital period of 3.8 years. Hebe was named after the Greek goddess of youth who took ambrosia to the Olympian deities. According to Martha Lang-Wescott, Hebe deals with codependency the ways that one 'enables' the egocen-tricity and emotional immaturity of others. Jacob Schwartz adds the further trait of granting...

About the Author

Lewis has worked as a professional astrologer for more than 25 years. Among astrologers, he is best known for his innovative work on Babylonian astrology and on the astrological significance of the planetary moons. Having completed his graduate work in religious studies at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, Prof. Lewis has an extensive background in history, psychology, philosophy, and comparative religion, including religious cults. He is an internationally recognized...

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Elpis Astrology

Daily Motion X Dawson, Graham X Day Horoscope X Days of the Week X Death Chart X Debility X Decan (Decanate) X Decile X Declination X Decreasing or Increasing in Light X Decumbiture X Degree X Degree Rising X Degrees, Meanings of X Delineation X Dembowska X Demeter X Depression X Descendant X Detriment X Dexter X Dhanistha X Diana X Dignity X Direct X Directions X Dispositor X Dissociate Aspects X Dissociate Signs X Diurnal X Divisional Charts X Dog X Dog Days X Dolphin X Domal Dignity X...

Refranation Astrology

Nadir X The Nakshatras The Lunar Mansions of Vedic Astrology X Natal Astrology X Natal Chart (Birth Chart Nativity) X National Council for Geo-cosmic Research X Native X Nativity X Natural Astrology X Natural House (Natural Chart Natural Ruler) X Negus, Ken X Nelson, John X Nemesis X Neopagan Spirituality and Astrology X Neptune X Nerthus X New Planets X Newspaper Astrology X Newton, Sir Isaac X Night Horoscope X Nike X Niobe X Nocturnal X Nodes of the Planets X Nonplanets X Northern Signs X...

Accidental Dignity

A planet is said to be in its dignity when it is in the sign that it rules. For example, because Pluto rules Scorpio, Pluto is in dignity when in the sign Scorpio. As the term implies, this is regarded as a fortunate placement a planet in its dignity is traditionally regarded as being in harmony with the sign and consequently strengthened. A planet's being in the sign of its rulership is sometimes referred to as essential dignity to distinguish it from certain other placements that tend to...

Alcoholism

Alcoholism and other forms of escapist drug addiction are associated primarily with the planet Neptune and, secondarily, with Pisces, the sign ruled by Neptune. Neptune is associated with sensitivity to the subtle dimensions of existence. When strong and positively situated in a natal chart, Neptune can manifest as musical sensitivity, mystical sensitivity, and so forth. When negatively aspected, however, Neptunian sensitivity will manifest as deceptiveness or escapism. Charles E. O. Carter, an...

Aletheia

Aletheia, asteroid 259 (the 259th asteroid to be discovered, on June 28, 1886), is approximately 103 kilometers in diameter and has an orbital period of 5.6 years. It is named after the Greek word for truth or sincerity. When prominent in a natal chart, Aletheia shows a sincere person. Its location by sign and house indicates where one is most sincere or experiences sincerity. When afflicted, Aletheia may signify insincerity or confrontations with unpleasant truths. Kowal, Charles T. Asteroids...

Ambrosia

Ambrosia, asteroid 193 (the 193rd asteroid to be discovered, on Feburary 28, 1879), is approximately 42 kilometers in diameter and has an orbital period of 4.2 years. It was named after food of the ancient gods that was said to have bestowed immortality. Jacob Schwartz also connects Ambrosia with Saint Ambrose, the Italian bishop, musician, writer, and warrior. When prominent in a natal chart, Ambrosia may indicate long life. Kowal, Charles T. Asteroids Their Nature and Utilization. Chichester,...

Galactic Center

Earth is located in a spiral-shaped galaxy approximately 100,000 light-years in diameter. Our solar system lies on the outskirts of the galaxy, about 30,000 light-years away from the galactic center (GC). From Earth's perspective, the GC is located in the latter degrees of the sign Sagittarius. (Owing to the tropical or moving zodiac that most Western astrologers use, the exact position of the GC appears to be is gradually shifting.) The GC is such an intense source of infrared emissions and...

Fruitful Fertile Signs and Planets

The fruitful signs are the signs of the zodiac traditionally said to indicate children (i.e., to indicate fertility) when placed on the cusp of the fifth house, the house of children. These signs are the water triplicity Cancer, Scorpio, and Pisces. Several other signs are regarded as being somewhat fruitful. The fruitful planets are the Sun, the Moon, Venus, and Jupiter (with Neptune added by certain modern astrologers). Mercury is regarded as moderately fruitful. The infertile signs and...