Schermer Barbara

Barbara Schermer has maintained a vigorous astrological counseling practice in Chicago since 1974 and is known as an advocate and pioneer in the field of experiential astrology. She is the author of Astrology Alive A Guide to Experiential Astrology and the Healing Arts, in which she passionately advocates a holistic, soul-centered (as opposed to prediction-centered) astrology. She has extensive experience as a holistic practitioner integrating archetypal and Jungian psychology, mythology, kriya...

Outline of Major Tibetan Techniques

Here are several of the major calculation techniques used by the Tibetan astrologer. The Wheel of the Twelve Signs Century Birth Animal Table Sign Polarity Triangles (Thun-Sun) Opposites (Phung-Sun, Dun-Zur) Shi-Sey Brief Sign Descriptions Sign Power The Five Elements Relationship Table Good, Friends, Filial, Antagonistic Major Life Factors Life Force Power Bodily Health Luck Soul Tibetan Yearly Calendar Months of the Year Days of the Month Hour of the Day The Eight Parkhas Four Good Directions...

International Society for Astrological Research

The International Society for Astrological Research (ISAR) was incorporated in Sacramento, California, on December 5, 1979, at 10 30 am. ISAR is a professional organization that serves the world astrological community with an elected board of directors and a network of vice presidents from many countries. Since 1980, ISAR has produced annual conferences focusing on professionalism, research, technology, and international outreach, offering scholarships for conference attendance. ISAR was a...

Jungs Quaternal Heritage

It is fairly well known that Jung had some interest in astrology. Indeed, in a letter to B. V. Raman in September 1947, he wrote I am particularly interested in the particular light the horoscope sheds on certain complications in the character. In cases of difficult psychological diagnosis, I usually get a horoscope I have very often found that the astrological data elucidated certain points which I otherwise would have been unable to understand. Though this probably gives an exaggerated...

Planetary Glymph For Astrology Mars

Mars, named after the Roman god of war, is one of Earth's closest neighbors, the next planet from the Sun after the Earth. Because Mars is farther from the Sun than the Earth, it can appear anywhere on the ecliptic, rather than staying close to the Sun, as Mercury and Venus appear to stay when viewed from the Earth. When Mars is at its closest point to the Earth, it is a mere 35 million miles from away and appears as bright as Sirius the brightest star in the sky. At its farthest point from...

The Law and Astrology

Laws from the near and distant past still restrict professionals who forecast the future, but astrologers are successfully challenging the laws across America, in Europe, and in South America that inhibit their profession. Major court cases have been won in the United States, and dozens of cities have changed their laws on fortune-telling or the occult arts. The Association for Astrological Networking (AFAN) is committed to overturning every law that overly restricts the practice of astrology....

Descending Mewa

Another much used calculation is the descending mewa. To calculate one's descending mewa, place the birth mewa in the center of the magic square and count from the center to the east (left) one number. Then, count counter-clockwise if the birth zodiac animal is a male sign and count clockwise if the birth zodiac animal is a female animal zodiac sign. Count to the age sign with the first count (the center) counting as number one. The result is one's descending mewa. When counting, always...

Occultism and Astrology

In the same way the media seized upon the expression New Age in the late 1980s and transformed it into a term of derision, an earlier wave of media interest in the early 1970s seized upon the word occult and succeeded in connecting it with such negative phenomena as black magic. Ever since the media sensationalized the occult explosion of the 1970s, occult has come to be associated with images of robed figures conducting arcane rituals for less than socially desirable purposes. Occult comes...

Reincarnation Karma and Astrology

Astrological Glyphs

Reincarnation is the theory that each individual soul progressively incarnates in a succession of different bodies. Belief in reincarnation usually carries with it certain other, related notions, such as the idea that one is learning from one lifetime to another and that, in time, every soul will become perfected and consequently no longer need to return to corporeal form. Another idea often associated with reincarna tion is the notion of karma, which is the moral law of cause and effect...

The Five Elements

The five elements are taken from the Chinese astrological system. Although somewhat similar to elements as used in Western astrology, the five elements of Eastern astrology are much more defined and depended upon. They are a major factor in Tibetan astrology. Like the animals signs, the elements also rotate in strict sequence from year to year, but unlike the signs, each element holds for two years before changing. Thus, the elements and signs rotate in combination, the total cycle taking 60...

Uranian Astrology

The Uranian system of astrology, also known as the Hamburg School of Astrology, had its origins in the early part of the twentieth century. Alfred Witte (1878-1943), the founder of the system, was a renowned astrologer in Germany as well as a surveyor. He and his student and colleague, Friedrich Sieggrun (1877-1951), were members of the famed Kepler Circle. During World War I, Witte tried to use the prevailing astrological methods of his day to time battles. He found these methods to be quite...

Pluto

Pluto is the farthest known planet from the Sun and by far the smallest with a diameter of 1,444 miles and a mass only 2 percent that of the Earth. Pluto completes an orbit of the Sun every 247.69 years, meaning that it spends more than 20 years in each sign of the zodiac. Thus, an entire generation is born while Pluto is transiting each sign. The existence of a ninth planet was suspected when astronomers detected a gravitational affect on the orbit of Neptune. Percival Lowell, an American...

Planet Centered Astrology

While traditional astrologers, both eastern and western, use a geocentric chart, research has been undertaken to consider charts centered on other objects within our solar system, notably the Sun and planets. The premise for such a relocation of the center is that the logos of each planet at a specific point in time can be described by looking at such a chart. From the perspective of Mercury and Venus, the Sun is a vast presence. These two planets have no moons of their own. Both planets can be...

Taurus

Taurus, the second sign of the zodiac, is a fixed earth sign. It is a negative (in the value-neutral sense of being negatively charged), feminine sign, ruled by the planet A German engraving of tarot cards based on the Count de Gebelin pack. Reproduced by permission of Fortean Picture Library. A German engraving of tarot cards based on the Count de Gebelin pack. Reproduced by permission of Fortean Picture Library. Venus. Its symbol is the bull, and its glyph is said to represent a bull's head...

Sagittarius

Sagittarius, the ninth sign of the zodiac, is a mutable fire sign. It is a positive, masculine sign, ruled by the planet Jupiter (although some astrologers would say that it is ruled or coruled by the planetoid Chiron). Its symbol is the centaur (sometimes, the archer) and its glyph is an arrow, denoting the arrow in the bow that the centaur is holding. It takes its name from the Latin word for arrow, sagitta. Sagittarius is associated with the hips, thighs, and liver, and individuals with a...

Scorpio

Scorpio, the eighth sign of the zodiac, is a fixed water sign. It is a negative (in the value-neutral sense of being negatively charged), feminine sign ruled by the planet Pluto (in traditional astrology it was ruled by Mars). The only sign with three sym-bols the Scorpion, the Snake, and the Eagle its symbology is complex. Its glyph is said to represent a serpent (some astrologers say a male member). It takes its name from the Latin word for scorpion. Scorpio is associated with the sexual...

Kepler College of Astrological Arts and Sciences

Kepler College of Astrological Arts and Sciences, located in the Seattle suburb of Lynnwood, Washington, is the first college in the Western world in nearly 400 years authorized to grant bachelor's and master's degrees in astrological studies. The dream of returning astrology to the halls of academia began September 3, 1991, when a group of like-minded individuals in the Pacific Northwest met to discuss the possibility of creating a degree-granting college with its complete curriculum designed...

Vedic Astrology in the West

In the last few years, as part of the greater interest in Hindu and yogic teachings, Hindu, or Vedic, astrology has made tremendous inroads into the Western world. It is now being hailed as one of the most profound and innovative systems of astrology, with tremendous predictive value. Many Western astrologers are now familiar at least with its basic principles. This has been the culmination of several decades of less visible groundwork by a number of people. Perhaps the point of emergence for...

Pallas Athene

The asteroids are small planet-like bodies that orbit the Sun in a belt that lies mostly between Mars and Jupiter. They first dawned on human consciousness in the early 1800s. The first four asteroids to be sighted were given the names of four of the great goddesses of classical antiquity Ceres (discovered in 1801), Pallas Athene (discovered in 1802), Juno (discovered in 1804), and Vesta (discovered in 1807). Many more asteroids were soon discovered, so that by the end of the nineteenth...

Libra Glyph Information

Libra, the seventh sign of the zodiac, is a cardinal air sign. It is a positive, masculine sign, ruled by the planet Venus (some contemporary astrologers want to transfer ruler-ship to several of the asteroids others assert that an as-yet-undiscovered planet beyond Pluto will rule Libra). Its symbol is the scales, which its glyph is said to represent. It takes its name from the Latin word for pound weight, or scales. Libra is associated with the lower back, buttocks, and kidneys, and...

Meteorological Astrology Astrometeorology

Correlations between celestial events and the weather have been a longstanding concern in astrology. The very name given to weather study meteorology harkens back to a time when the appearance of meteors was associated with changes in the weather. Even contemporary scientific meteorology, which does not generally look kindly on astrological methods, has noted a relationship between long-term weather patterns and sunspot activity. Ptolemy, whose classic work on astrology exercised a powerful...

Rosicrucian Fellowship

Rosicrucian Zodiac

The Rosicrucian Fellowship was established in 1907 by the well-known astrologer Max Heindel. Heindel moved to the United States from his native Germany and settled in Los Angeles in 1903. He joined Katherine Tigley's branch of the Theosophical Society, lecturing and serving as president of the local lodge in 1904 and 1905. He was also acquainted with Rudolf Steiner, who broke away from the Theosophical Society following the promotion of Jeddu Krishnamurti as the new world teacher. In 1907,...

Jupiter

Jupiter, the fifth planet from the Sun, is the largest body in the solar system, containing two-thirds the mass of the entire solar system outside the Sun. It is like a miniature planetary system all by itself. Since 2000, Jupiter is now known to have 28 moons of varying sizes. The four largest of them are easily visible with even a small telescope. Galileo discovered these larger moons in 1610. They are called Galilean satellites. Copernicus's model of the heliocentric solar system was...

Muharta

Muhurta serves a purpose similar to that of Western electional astrology in which the astrologer chooses an auspicious time for the commencement of an action. In ancient Vedic times, however, the specific role of muhurta was primarily for the timing of personal and community rites that expressed the spiritual life of the culture. The central role of such rites is best understood in the context of the philosophy of karma. Although the Western sense of karma is often limited to the results of...

Glyph For Virgo

Virgo, the sixth sign of the zodiac, is a mutable earth sign. It is a negative (in the value-neutral sense of being negatively charged), feminine sign, ruled by the planet Mercury though some modern astrologers dispute this rulership, claiming that it is ruled by several of the major asteroids or by the planetoid Chiron an older generation of astrologers associated Virgo with the hypothetical planet Vulcan. Its symbol is a young woman, and its glyph is said to represent a serpent that was...

Typology in AstrologyAn Evaluation

As already noted, the way in which Jung's psychology should be applied to astrology has been an object of some controversy among astrologers. It seems safe to conclude that, although it may have been born from astrological ideas, Jung's psychological typology has developed a character of its own, so that it is safer not to try and establish one-for-one correspondences between the elements and the four functions. This case is argued eloquently by Robert Hand in his book Horoscope Symbols...

Major Life Factors

There are five major factors that are taken into consideration when examining the nature and qualities of a given calendar year. They are listed here in order of their importance Major Life Factors Tibetan Name Life Force (holder of the life) Sok Regarding these major elements, the life force is the most important of them, for both sexes. It represents the life strength or lan vital (i.e., how one holds one's life). Then comes the power element, how one overcomes obstacles and achieves goals....

Mashaallah

Masha'allah (c. 740-815), known to the Latin writers of the Middle Ages under a number of corruptions of that name, among which Messahalla is most common, was an Egyptian Jew who lived and worked in Basra. He practiced the astrological art in the context of Islamic society during the golden age of Arabic astrology. Because of their superior astronomical and astrological skills, he and the Persian Al-Naubakht were selected to elect the time for the founding of the new city of Baghdad in 762,...

Upaya Remedial Measures

Remedial measures are a cornerstone of Vedic astrology. The very first words of the most widely recognized classical work on Indian astrology, Brihat Parashara Hora Shastra, are an invocation to Lord Ganesha, the deity for removal of obstacles. This places upaya at the focal point of the Vedic astrology tradition. Scattered through the text, and indeed the texts of most of the classical works of Jyotish, are verses giving methods for relieving the obstructions and suffering caused by various...

Palmistry and Astrology Astropalmistry

In earlier times when the general populace's knowledge of astrology extended beyond newspaper predictions and sun signs, astrology was more than just the science of the stars. Properly understood, astrology was a universal language or symbolic code that contained widely recognized archetypes of general principles, types of humanity, and aspects of personality. Given the usefulness of this symbolic code, it was natural that astrological language and symbols would be adopted by other occult arts,...

Ptolemy Claudius

Claudius Ptolemy (100-178), sometimes called the father of Western astrology, was a Greek astronomer and astrologer who lived in Alexandria, Egypt. Ptolemy was a highly learned individual, with a broad grasp of geography, mathematics, astronomy, and music. His account of the motions of the planets, which placed Earth as the stable center around which the Sun, stars, and planets revolved, was generally accepted until the time of the Copernican revolution. In his classic astrological work, the...

Heliocentric Astrology

Although traditional astrology is geocentric (Earth-centered), some astrologers have undoubtedly considered using a heliocentric (Sun-centered) system ever since the Copernican revolution. The argument against heliocentric astrology is that, since we are situated on Earth, we need to focus on Earth's relationship to the other celestial bodies a Sun-centered astrology would make sense only if we were born on the Sun. This argument was persuasive enough to prevent the emergence of a true...

Masculine Signs Positive Signs

The 12 signs of the zodiac are classified in several different ways, including a division into positive, masculine signs and negative, feminine signs (using negative and positive in the neutral sense of opposite poles rather than as value judgments). The masculine signs are all of the fire signs (Aries, Leo, and Sagittarius) and all of the air signs (Gemini, Libra, and Aquarius). The gender of the signs was originally determined by the Pythagorean notion that odd numbers were male and even...

Mesoamerican Astrology

As in the ancient Near East, astrology and the birth of civilization were coincident in Mesoamerica, today's Mexico, and northern Central America. During the pre-Classic period, around 600 b.c.e., stone carvings made by Olmec artists are evidence that the key signs utilized in Mesoamerican astrology were already in use. During the Classic period, from about 300 to 900 c.e., the time of the rise and fall of Mayan civilization and the flourishing of Teotihucan in highland Mexico, astrology was a...

Occultation

An occultation (from the Latin occultus, meaning to hide) is an eclipse of a star or planet by another heavenly body, particularly by the Moon. Despite its seemingly exotic connotation, it is a commonly used term in astronomy as well as in astrology. The astrological importance, if any, of occultations has been hotly debated. Part of what is at issue in this debate is competing theories of celestial influence. If, as one school of thought asserts, astrology works via the mechanism of acausal...

Phobos and Deimos Moons of Mars

The planet Mars is circled by two small, irregularly shaped moons, Phobos and Deimos. Phobos, with dimensions of 17 x 14 x 13 miles, orbits Mars every 7.7 hours in a circular path that never carries it more than 3,720 miles away from its primary (the celestial body around which a satellite orbits). Deimos, which is 10 x 7 x 6 miles, orbits Mars every 30.3 hours, traveling approximately 12,470 miles above the surface. These distances represent the inner and outer extremes for bodies orbiting a...

Vedic Astrology Hindu Astrology

Hindu astrology, or Vedic astrology, as it is more commonly referred to by its practitioners, has made tremendous inroads into the Western astrological community in recent years. The origins of Vedic astrology are primarily in India and have flourished for several thousand years. According to modern Vedic scholars, a continuous record of basic astrological knowledge can be traced back to 2500 b.c.e. and the Indus Valley region. As one of the true systems of astrology, Vedic astrology is...

The Moon

Doge Palace Cancer

The Moon is the Earth's only natural satellite. It is technically not a planet however astrology traditionally groups the Moon, along with the Sun, which is our star, with the planets. The Moon has a diameter of 2,160 miles, and an average distance from the Earth of 328,000 miles. The sidereal month, or the time it takes the Moon to orbit the Earth, is 27 days, 7 hours, and 43 minutes (27.3217 days). The synodic month is the time from New Moon to New Moon and takes 29 days, 12 hours, and 44...

Syzygy

Syzygy traditionally referred to a conjunction of the Sun and the Moon, such as occurs during a solar eclipse. By extension, it is currently applied to the alignment of any three celestial bodies in a straight line (such as occurs during eclipses and occultations). The etymology of the term is as follows The sy n , which is related to the prefix of such words as synchronic, means together -zygy derives from the Greek zugon, meaning yoke, so syzygy literally means to yoke together. This makes...

Astrology as a Diagnostic Tool

In its application to psychotherapy, astrology is primarily used as a diagnostic tool rather than as a form of treatment. Because every chart is unique, astrology functions as a diagnostic assessment device of unparalleled richness. Many therapists are beginning to use astrology as a diagnostic tool because of the advantages it presents over traditional psychological tests. Since it is based on an external frame of reference, the chart offers a character portrait that is entirely independent of...

Humanistic Astrology

Humanistic astrology was created in the 1930s by Dane Rudhyar, who followed the lead of Marc Edmund Jones in reinterpreting traditional astrology in terms of modern psychology. Rudhyar combined the Theosophical approach to astrology that he had learned at the Krotona Institute with the insights of Carl Jung's depth psychology, whose works he read during the summer of 1933. By the 1940s, Rudhyar was trying to create an astrology based on a philosophy freed not only from the materialistic biases...

Mann A T

Tad Mann was born August 18, 1943, in Auburn, New York. He graduated from Cornell University in 1966 with an architecture degree and worked as a professional architect for a time. He is a member of the Association for Astrological Networkers (AFAN) and the Author's Guild. He lives and works in Hudson, New York, and has a daughter, the woven textile artist Ptolemy Mann. Mann applied the concept of biological time and the philosophical system of George Gurdjieff, Pyotr Ouspensky, and Rodney...

Therapeutic Astrology

Therapeutic astrology, or astrotherapy, can be defined as the application of astrology to psychotherapy. More specifically, it is the attempt to integrate astrological principles with psychological concepts and practices, particularly as these relate to working with clients on an ongoing basis. As clinical psychology is concerned with the examination and treatment of patients, therapeutic astrology would be any form of treatment utilizing astrological precepts for the purpose of treating...

Progressions and Directions

Progressions and directions are two related astrological methods for predicting future conditions and developments. Prediction is the oldest element of the astrologer's craft Whereas contemporary astrologers tend to be more concerned with understanding individuals and their potential, traditional astrology tended to focus on prognostication (predicting the future). The most ancient and still the most important astrological tool for prognostication is transits, current and forthcoming movements...

Tibetan Astrology Lunar Gaps

The lunar cycle has been observed for ages. The moon, from a Sanskrit term for measure, is the primary means by which the majority of the people in the world measure time and their own lives. Eastern and western astrology use the lunar cycle in the same and different ways. In the West, the lunar cycle is seen as a key to the personality and the birth chart. Although books like Dane Rudhyar's The Lunation Cycle, William Yeats's A Vision, and many others describe the cycle as a dynamic process...

Ibn Ezra Avraham

Rabbi Avraham Ben Meir Ibn Ezra was a renowned Jewish scholar born in eleventh-century Spain. He was accomplished in many disciplines and his prolific writing encompassed biblical exegeses Hebrew grammar personal, national, and liturgical poetry philosophy mathematics geometry astronomy and astrology. In mainstream Judaism, he was known and loved mainly for his Bible commentary as well as his poetry, whereas to the Christian European world he became known through his astrological and...

Galilean Moons Moons of Jupiter

Jupiter, the largest planet in the solar system, has, as one might anticipate, a large number of satellites 16 at last count (Saturn holds the current record of 17). Four of these, called the Galilean moons because they were discovered by Galileo, are large bodies Ganymede (3,270 miles in diameter), Callisto (2,980 miles), Io (2,260 miles), and Europa (1,950 miles) all larger than Pluto (estimated diameter, 1,457 miles). These moons orbit between 262,000 miles and 1.17 million miles away from...

Gemstones and Astrology

Quite a bit has been written on the correlation between gemstones and astrology. Unfortunately, much of that has not been in agreement. Some of the disagreement stems from the fact that Vedic astrologers have a very different philosophy from Western astrologers. Additionally, confusion in the Western system seems to stem from the gem industry's attempt to translate these correlations into birthstones for each month, even though the signs straddle two months rather than starting and ending...

Halloran Software

Halloran Software began in October 1985 when John Halloran was dialed into a bulletin board system (BBS) based in Glendale, California, and noticed a message from a woman inquiring if there were any free or inexpensive computer programs for astrology. Having already searched for these, he knew nothing was available, but Halloran, who started studying astrology in the late 1960s, had purchased a copy of Michael Erlewine's 1980 Manual of Computer Programming for Astrologers. Within two weeks,...

About the Author

Lewis has worked as a professional astrologer for more than 25 years. Among astrologers, he is best known for his innovative work on Babylonian astrology and on the astrological significance of the planetary moons. Having completed his graduate work in religious studies at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, Prof. Lewis has an extensive background in history, psychology, philosophy, and comparative religion, including religious cults. He is an internationally recognized...

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Elpis Astrology

Daily Motion X Dawson, Graham X Day Horoscope X Days of the Week X Death Chart X Debility X Decan (Decanate) X Decile X Declination X Decreasing or Increasing in Light X Decumbiture X Degree X Degree Rising X Degrees, Meanings of X Delineation X Dembowska X Demeter X Depression X Descendant X Detriment X Dexter X Dhanistha X Diana X Dignity X Direct X Directions X Dispositor X Dissociate Aspects X Dissociate Signs X Diurnal X Divisional Charts X Dog X Dog Days X Dolphin X Domal Dignity X...

Refranation Astrology

Nadir X The Nakshatras The Lunar Mansions of Vedic Astrology X Natal Astrology X Natal Chart (Birth Chart Nativity) X National Council for Geo-cosmic Research X Native X Nativity X Natural Astrology X Natural House (Natural Chart Natural Ruler) X Negus, Ken X Nelson, John X Nemesis X Neopagan Spirituality and Astrology X Neptune X Nerthus X New Planets X Newspaper Astrology X Newton, Sir Isaac X Night Horoscope X Nike X Niobe X Nocturnal X Nodes of the Planets X Nonplanets X Northern Signs X...

Alcoholism

Alcoholism and other forms of escapist drug addiction are associated primarily with the planet Neptune and, secondarily, with Pisces, the sign ruled by Neptune. Neptune is associated with sensitivity to the subtle dimensions of existence. When strong and positively situated in a natal chart, Neptune can manifest as musical sensitivity, mystical sensitivity, and so forth. When negatively aspected, however, Neptunian sensitivity will manifest as deceptiveness or escapism. Charles E. O. Carter, an...

Fixed Stars

There are more than 9,000 stars visible to the human eye, and, to the ancients, they belonged to the Eighth Sphere the starry firmament. This starry sphere separated the known seven spheres of the planets, with earth at the center, from the realm of the Creator the force that lay beyond the Eighth Sphere and caused all the inner spheres to move. Plato (360 c.e.), in his book Timaeus, talked of the Creator, the Demiurge, making the souls of man in the same manner as the Soul of the Universe, and...

Feminine Signs Negative Signs

The 12 signs of the zodiac are classified in a number of different ways, including a division into positive, masculine signs and negative, feminine signs (using negative and positive in the neutral sense of opposite polarities rather than as value judgments about good and bad). The feminine signs include all the earth signs (Taurus, Virgo, Capricorn) and all the water signs Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces). The gender of the signs was originally determined by the Pythagorean notion that odd numbers are...

Experiential Astrology

Experiential astrology succinctly includes any technique that puts people into direct contact with their horoscopes. Its purpose is to place soul instead of prediction at the center of its inquiry. The horoscope need not remain a static, one-dimensional wheel of planetary glyphs and signs, but can become a field of planetary action that is interactive, imaginative, and vibrantly alive. Techniques include astrodrama (acting out the horoscope), group dynamics and process, in-depth therapeutic...

Ethics and Astrology

Astrological organizations often promulgate explicit codes of ethics, partly because no government agencies regulate the behavior of astrologers and partly because of the tendency of astrology's critics to portray astrologers as unethical charlatans. These codes of ethics go back at least as far as Firmicus Maternus (330 b.c.e.), who in Mathe-sis set high standards for astrologers Shape yourself in the image and likeness of divinity, so that you may always be a model of excellence. He who daily...

Esoteric Astrology

Esoteric (from the Greek esoteros, meaning inner derived from the Greek eso, meaning within) astrology is the general term for various schools of astrology whose practitioners view themselves as studying the ancient wisdom behind the science of the stars. The original sense of the word esoteric was that it was hidden from, or otherwise inaccessible to, the uninitiated. However, contemporary esoteric astrology is openly accessible to anyone who is able to read. The contrasting term to esoteric...

Elements

The primary categories by which the signs are classified are the four elements (earth, air, fire, and water) and the three qualities (cardinal, mutable, and fixed). Each of the 12 signs of the zodiac is a unique combination of an element and a quality (e.g., Aries is a cardinal fire sign, Taurus a fixed earth sign, Gemini a mutable air sign, and so forth). The elemental nature of a sign is said to refer to its basic temperament, while its quality refers to its mode of expression. A...

Electional Astrology

Electional astrology is the branch of astrology dealing with selecting (electing) the best time to initiate any given activity or project. Electional astrology is traditionally regarded as a subdivision of horary astrology because it involves a reverse application of horary principles. In other words, instead of examining an event that started at a particular time and forecasting the outcome, one determines the outcome one wishes to achieve and works backward to find an appropriate moment to...

Egyptian Astrology

The ancient Greeks viewed Egypt as an exotic, mysterious land, somewhat as contemporary Westerners regard India. Thus, anything Egyptian carried with it an aura of prestige that artifacts or ideas from other areas of the world did not enjoy. For this reason, Greeks such as Herodotus tended to associate astrology with Egypt, although Egyptian astrology had been adopted wholesale directly from Mesopotamian astrology, and the Egyptians had added little to the science of the stars. It was only...

Dispositor

A planet is the dispositor of other planets when they are located in the sign the first planet rules. For instance, if both Mercury and Mars are in the sign Taurus, then Venus, the ruler of Taurus, is the dispositor of Mercury and Mars. One would say that Mercury and Mars are disposed by or disposed of by Venus. A planet in its own sign, such as Venus in Taurus, is said to dispose itself (or, sometimes, to dispose of itself). In some charts, one can trace a chain of dispositors (e.g., Venus is...

Colors and the Zodiac

Human beings have often perceived colors as constituting a kind of symbolic alphabet, so it is natural that colors would come to be associated with the signs of the zodiac as well as with the planets. There is, however, more than one system of correlations between the colors and the signs. The following color-sign associations should thus be regarded as illustrative rather than definitive Red and other flaming colors Green, smoky-gray, silver, and silvery-blue colors Pink, pale green, and...

Christianity and Astrology

Historically, astrology was integrated into the church along with other aspects of Hellenistic civilization. From time to time, various Christian thinkers worried about the tension between free will and the apparent determinism of astrology, but by and large the science of the stars occupied an honorable position in the Western tradition. Although some of the biblical prophets disparaged stargazing, the Three Wise Men were clearly astrologers, and in certain other scriptural passages it was...

Chiron

Before considering the meaning of Chiron in the horoscope, exploring some of its astronomy can help us reflect on its meaning. Chiron was discovered in 1977, between Saturn and Uranus, and reclassified several times until 1992, when the Kuiper Disk was discovered. This is a large disk of matter surrounding the solar system that comprises probably billions of small celestial objects and has yielded several new astronomical categories, including Centaurs. Chiron is now considered to be the first...

Campion Nicholas

Nicholas Campion was born on March 4, 1953, in Bristol England. He was educated at Queens' College, Cambridge (B.A. history, 1974 M.A. 1976) and took post-graduate courses at London University, studying Southeast Asian history at the School of Oriental and African Studies and international relations at the London School of Economics. After graduating he taught history and English and also worked in computing, housing administration, and theatre management. Campion first became interested in...

Brahe Tycho

Tycho Brahe, an eminent Danish astronomer and astrologer, was born April 13, 1546, in Kundstorp, Denmark. He taught astronomy at the University of Copenhagen and established an observatory on the island of Hven under the patronage of King Frederick II. Brahe moved to Prague, Czechoslovakia, after the king's death, where he took Johannes Kepler as his assistant. Dissatisfied with inexactness of most existing observations of the celestial bodies, Brahe designed instruments that enabled him to...

The Bible and Astrology

The Hebrew and Christian Bibles are a complex set of documents. To advocates of astrology, it is not difficult to find passages presenting the science of the stars in a positive light. If, on the other hand, one wishes to attack astrology, it is also possible to find passages condemning stargazing. Certain Scriptures appear at least in the King James Version (KJV) to condemn astrologers as those who keep, watch, or observe the times e.g., Ye shall not eat anything with the blood, neither shall...

Astronomy

Astronomy is the branch of natural science that studies the celestial bodies. The word is a combination of astron, Greek for star, and nomos, Greek for law. Astrology was formerly part of astronomy, with astrological determinations being viewed as a practical application of astronomical knowledge. Prior to the modern period, all of the An illustration of the great Viennese telescope, constructed in the mid-nineteenth century. Reproduced by permission of Fortean Picture Library. great...

Aquarius

Aquarius (from the Latin word Aquarii, meaning water carrier), the eleventh sign of the zodiac, is a fixed air sign. It is a positive, masculine sign, ruled by the planet Uranus (before the outer planets were discovered, it was said to be ruled by Saturn). Its symbol is the water bearer, and its glyph is a pair of wavy lines representing water (resulting in a frequent confusion about Aquarius's element, which is air rather than water). Aquarius is associated with the shins, ankles, and the...

The Bhavas Houses

The Vedic natal chart is divided into 12 houses called bhavas. These houses represent different fields of action or activity. The following are the karakas and signi-ficators for the 12 houses that are somewhat similar to those in Western astrology First House Thanu Bhava Bodily appearance, character, early childhood, health and general vitality, personality, ego, strength, fame, and longevity. Dharma house (right action). Head or face. Karaka Sun. Second House Dhana Bhava Money, family life,...

Numerology and Astrology

Like astrology, numerology interprets character and predicts future conditions. Following the Kabbalah (also spelled Kaballahala, Kabalah, Kabbala, Qabbalah, and other variations), which is a system of Jewish mysticism popular in occult circles, the letters of the alphabet are assigned numerical values. When the letters of a person's name are added together, the resulting number indicates her or his basic character the numerological equivalent of an astrological sun sign. The numbers making up...

Grant Ernest A

Grant, one of the founders of the American Federation of Astrologers, was born on June 4, 1893, in Detroit, Michigan. Around 1906, he moved to the nation's capital. He initially worked as a stenographer and court reporter for the Norfolk Navy Yard and was later employed by different members of the U.S. Congress and by lobby groups. He worked, for example, for Senator Wallace Humphrey White of Maine, for the Methodist Board of Temperance Promotion and Public Morals, for Senator...

Cancer

Cancer (Latin for crab), the fourth sign of the zodiac, is a cardinal water sign. It is a negative (in the value-neutral sense of being negatively charged), feminine sign ruled by the Moon. Its symbol is the crab, and its glyph is said to represent the two claws of a crab. A moody sign, Cancer is the source of the term crabby. Cancer is associated with the breasts and the stomach, and people with a Cancer sun sign are prone to digestion and weight problems. The key phrase for Cancer is I feel....

Morin Jean Baptiste Morinus

Jean-Baptiste Morin (Morinus), the French astrologer and physician, was born in Villefranche, France, in 1583. He received his doctor of medicine degree at Avignon in 1613. over the next several years, he was a physician to a bishop, an abbot, and the duke of Luxemburg. In 1630, Morin became royal professor of mathematics. He was appointed to draw up the horoscope of the newborn Louis XIV. Morin developed a method of determining longitudes at sea using the distance of the Moon from a fixed...

Tibetan Astrology

The Tibetan system of astrology is a combination of Indian and Chinese methods, the greater and most essential (spiritual) part derived from the Chinese, and the technical element coming from the Indian system. The Indian or technical part (ephemerides, lunar tables, etc.) is called Kar-Tsi, and the Chinese, or spiritual part, is called Jung-Tsi. The Tibetans, who are short on calculation ability, borrowed whatever planetary tables they use from the Indians, and do not depend upon these...

Psychology and Astrology

Because so much of astrology at least as it is currently practiced is psychological, the relationship between psychology and astrology is complex. Examined here are some of the issues that psychological researchers have addressed when questioning the validity of astrology. In the September 1973 issue of the Journal of Psychology, Robert J. Pellegrini noted significant correlations between people's sun sign and their score on the California Psychological Inventory's femininity scale. In March...

Broughton Luke Dennis

Luke Dennis Broughton, a leader in the astrology revival of the late nineteenth century, was born on April 20, 1828, in Leeds, England. At a time when astrology was unpopular, his family continued to practice it. This custom originated with his grandfather, a doctor who used Nicolas Culpepper's herbal compendium (Culpepper's English Physician and Herbal Remedies, originally published in 1652), which correlated astrological signs with medicinal herbs. Luke Broughton's father, also a physician,...

Personal Name Asteroids

An asteroid is one of thousands of small planets, 95 percent of whose orbits lie between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. Initially these were given mythological names, but as telescopes increased in strength and more asteroids were discovered, astronomers began naming them after places and people. The various astrologers who have studied the influence of asteroids have reached a consensus, which is, as noted in J. Lee Lehman's The Ultimate Asteroid Book, that asteroids have astrological effects...

Harmonic Astrology

Harmonic astrology is the term used for a system of astrological analysis developed by British astrologer John Addey in the 1960s and 1970s. Many of the concepts used in harmonic astrology have roots going back hundreds of years. Johannes Kepler developed a theory of aspects and planetary relationships that closely mirrors many of Addey's ideas, and some of the varga charts used in Vedic astrology are equivalent to the harmonic charts used by Addey and other harmonic astrologers. However, Addey...

Introduction

Astrology literally means the study (or science, depending on how one translates the Greek word logos) of the stars (astron). Astrology differs from astronomy by confining its attention to the study of correlations between celestial events and humanly meaningful events. Most people are familiar with only a tiny portion of the science of the stars, namely the 12 signs of the Zodiac as they relate to the personality of individuals and the use of astrology for divinatory purposes. The Zodiac...

Lucifer

Lucifer, asteroid 1,930 (the 1,930th asteroid to be discovered, on October 29, 1964), is approximately 21 kilometers in diameter and has an orbital period of 4.9 years. Lucifer was named after the fallen angel of light who became the devil in Western religions. J. A sixteenth-century illustration of Dante's vision of purgatory and hell. Lucifer is shown at the center of the Earth, encased in a lake of ice, chewing on the soul of Judas iscariot. Reproduced by permission of Fortean Picture...

Orpheus

Orpheus, asteroid 3,361 the 3,361st asteroid to be discovered, on April 24, 1982 , is approximately 12.2 kilometers in diameter and has an orbital period of 5.3 years. Orpheus was named after a masterful player of the lyre who is best remembered for his attempt to rescue his wife Eurydice from the underworld. According to Martha Lang-Wescott, Orpheus represents haunting, lyrical music, mourning or grief, or a sense of loss or longing for what is past. This asteroid's key words are loss, grief,...

Planets

Days Week The Zodiac Signs

Planets from the Greek planasthai, meaning to wander are the familiar celestial bodies orbiting the Sun. They were regarded as stars by the ancients, who referred to them as wanderers because, unlike the so-called fixed stars, the planets were always changing their positions with respect to the background of the celestial sphere. The Sun and the Moon the luminaries are also wanderers, and in traditional astrology were referred to as planets. Although they are no longer classified as such by...

Chinese Astrology

The Chinese were one of the few cultures to develop a complex system of astrology entirely independent of Mesopotamian influences. Mesopotamian astrology is the starting point for both Western astrology and Hindu astrology. In much the same way that popular astrology in the West is confined to knowledge of the 12 sun signs, most people's awareness of Chinese astrology is confined to the 12 animal year signs. Many of the intricacies of the tradition dropped out of currency, even among Chinese...

Genetics and Astrology

Adherents as well as critics of astrology sometimes ask the question, How do astrological influences interact with the forces of genetic heritage to determine human nature In the hands of critics, this issue becomes the assertion that genetics can explain any inborn traits. A subsequent assertion is then that contrary astrological influences cannot possibly overcome genetic factors, and hence astrology is false. However, this way of stating the problem does not do justice to the manner in which...

Astro Glyph For Ceres

The asteroids are small planet-like bodies that orbit the Sun in a belt that lies mostly between Mars and Jupiter. They first dawned on human consciousness in the early 1800s. The first four asteroids to be sighted were given the names of four of the great goddesses of classical antiquity Ceres discovered in 1801 , Pallas Athene discovered in 1802 , Juno discovered in 1804 , and Vesta discovered in 1807 . Many more asteroids were soon discovered, so that by the end of the nineteenth century,...

Lunar Mansions

The lunar mansions are a kind of lunar zodiac, constituted by dividing the Moon's orbital path into 27 or 28 segments. Twenty-seven or twenty-eight roughly corresponds to the number of days the Moon takes to complete its orbit 28 is a day short of a synodic period and a day longer than a sidereal month . The Arabs, the Hindus, and the Chinese all devised systems of lunar mansions, termed, respectively, the manzils from lunar mansion is probably derived , nakshatras, and sieu. Traditionally,...

Earth Signs

The 12 signs of the zodiac are subdivided according to the four classical elements earth, air, fire, and water. The earth signs the earth triplicity or earth trigon are Taurus, Virgo, and Capricorn. Astrologically, earth refers to practicality. Earth sign practicality manifests as an aptitude for the financial and material dimension of life. The practicality of the earth element shows itself somewhat differently in each of the signs of the earth triplicity. Taurus's earthy nature emerges as...

Mithraism and Astrology

Mithraism was an enigmatic Hellenistic mystery religion that drew heavily on astrology and astrological symbolism. It was Christianity's last great competitor during the period immediately prior to the official conversion of the Roman Empire to the religion of Jesus. As such, Mithraism left its mark on Christianity. For example, the Romans celebrated Mithras's birthday Mithras was the central deity of Mithraism on December 25, the time of year when the daylight hours which had gradually been...

Synastry Chart Comparison

Synastry, or chart comparison, is the practice of superimposing two or more horoscopes and examining their interactions. Synastry is an especially popular technique for evaluating romantic relationships, but it can also be used for illuminating business partnerships, parent-child interactions, and so forth. The basic idea of chart comparison is very old. In Hindu astrology, for example, the practice of comparing charts to determine marital compatibility is quite ancient. In the Western...

Kolisko Effect Kolisko Experiments

The Kolisko effect refers to modifications in the behavior of metallic solutions during certain aspects particularly during conjunctions involving the planet traditionally said to rule the metal involved. Rudolf Steiner, the founder of anthroposo-phy an offshoot of Theosophy , taught astrology in many of his lectures, including the astrological principle that the Sun, Moon, and planets rule certain metals. Traditionally, the Sun has been thought to rule gold the Moon, silver Mercury, mercury...

Bradley Donald A Garth Allen

Bradley, born in Nebraska on May 16, 1925, was a leader of the sidereal-ist movement and research director of the Llewellyn Foundation for Astrological Research. He carried out several statistical studies, including an astrological analysis of 2,492 clergymen and an extensive study of rainfall. His results, while initially greeted with enthusiasm, were later shown to be largely insignificant, either because of faulty design or neglected statistical considerations. Bradley was an...

Lucina

Lucina, asteroid 146 the 146th asteroid to be discovered, on June 8, 1875 , is approximately 140 kilometers in diameter and has an orbital period of 4.4 years. It was named after the Roman goddess of childbirth and the travails of women, who was the daughter of Jupiter and Juno. In addition to indicating something about one's children, Lucina's position by sign and house shows where one gives birth to various activities or ideas. Kowal, Charles T. Asteroids Their Nature and Utilization....

The Longevity And The Hyleg

The Hyleg Arabic , Apheta Greek , Prorogator Latin , or Giver of Life, was a planet or point that was calculated as part of the process to evaluate both the life expectancy and periods when the native was at mortal risk. When this point was directed using what are now called primary directions to an Anareta or killing point there may be more than one , or vice versa, death occurs. In their book Greek Horoscopes, Otto Neugerbauer and Henry Bartlett Van Hoesen noted that early versions, such as...

Hygeia

Hygeia, asteroid 10 the 10th asteroid to be discovered, on April 12, 1849, by the Italian astronomer Annibale de Gasparis , is approximately 430 kilometers in diameter and has an orbital period of 5.5 years. Hygeia was the daughter of Aesculapius and the goddess of health and hygiene. According to Martha Lang-Wescott, the position of Hygeia and the aspects to it provide some indications of the native's health. This asteroid's key words are health and hygiene. Lang-Wescott, Martha....

Toro The Asteroid

Toro, asteroid 1,685 the 1,685th asteroid to be discovered, on July 17, 1948 , was named after the Spanish word for bull. Its orbital period is somewhat more than 1.5 years, and its diameter is 7.5 kilometers. Toro is one of the more recent asteroids to be investigated by astrologers. Preliminary material on Toro can be found in Demetra George and Douglas Bloch's Astrology for Yourself, and an ephemeris table of celestial locations for Toro can be found in the second edition of George and...

Homosexuality and Astrology

The treatment of homosexuality in astrology has tended to reflect the social conditions and the attitude toward homosexuals at the time. Ptolemy, the father of Western astrology, very matter-of-factly mentions patterns that distinguish homosexuals from heterosexuals in his classic work Tetrabiblos. If Venus the ruler of romantic relationships and Jupiter precede the Sun in a man's chart, and if the former two planets also aspect Mars the ruler of passion , then he will be sexually interested...

Martha Lang Wescott

Hera, asteroid 103 the 103rd asteroid to be discovered, on September 7, 1868 , is approximately 96 kilometers in diameter and has an orbital period of 4.4 years. Hera was named after the Greek goddess of women and childbirth. She was the sister and wife of Zeus, king of the Olympian deities. Hera was the most jealous wife in ancient mythology, and she persecuted both her husband's lovers and the children of Zeus's many love affairs. Jacob Schwartz gives the astrological significance of this...